Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:1979
Date Amended:


Policy Type:Regulatory Instruments>Codes and standards, Regulatory Instruments>Other mandatory requirements
Policy Target:Energy Sector>CHP, Buildings>District Heating and Cooling, Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy
Legal References:consolidated act No. 1184 of 14/12/2012

The Heat Supply Act from 1979 (revised extensively in 1990, 2000 and 2005) empowers the Minister for Energy to ban the use electric heating in new buildings located within a district heating or natural gas supply network. The Minister made use of this empowerment in 1988. In 1994 the Heat Supply Act was revised to extend the Ministers empowerment to also include a ban on conversion to electric heating in existing buildings. The Minister made use of this extended empowerment in the same year. This measure has reduced the number of electrically heated homes by over 9000. In 1994 6.5 % of the Danish homes were electrically heated, while in 2008 only 5.3 % were. Other provisions in the Heat Supply Act include: obligatory connection to the district heating or natural gas supply network, the principle of co-generated heat and electricity and the principle for heat pricing. The possibility to ensure that all buildings in a given area connect to the district heating or natural gas network, has increased the coverage of district heating considerably. Only about 650,000 of Denmarks 2.7 million households have an individual heat supply. About 80% of district heating is co-produced with electricity, due to the Heat Supply Acts provision, that plants larger than 1 MW have to be operated as combined heating plants. As a result, Denmark has the most extensive co-generated heat and electricity system in EU, with more than half of all Danish electricity co-generated with heat. The principle for heat pricing stipulates that heat supplies must be priced according to actual costs on a non-profit basis. To increase the utilisation of renewable energy resources and industrial surplus heat, heat based on these resources can though be sold with a certain profit within bounderies, set by the Danish Energy Regulatory Authority.

Related policies:District Heating and CHP

Last modified: Tue, 25 Nov 2014 18:48:20 CET