Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2017
Policy Type:Policy Support, Economic Instruments
Policy Target:Energy Sector, Energy Sector>CHP, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Fossil fuels (Coal, gas, oil), Energy Sector>Energy Efficiency / Demand Reduction, Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy, Industry, Industry>Energy-intensive, Resilience / Adaptation, Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs)
Agency:National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)

On 25 April 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and National Energy Administration (NEA) publicly released a strategic paper on “Energy Supply and Consumption Revolution Strategy (2016-2030)”, which sets out the main overall targets and strategies of Chinese energy sector for 2030. This document was finalised in December 2016, and sets a pathway beyond the 13th Five Year Plan for energy (2016-2020).

The document recalls existing targets for 2020…:

  • Primary energy consumption should be controlled within 5 billion tonnes of coal equivalent (tce),
  • Non-fossil fuel in the energy mix should be higher than 15%,
  • Energy consumption per unit of GDP falls by 15% compared to 2015,
  • Carbon emission per unit of GDP decreases by 18% compared to 2015,
  • Energy self-sufficiency rate should be above 80%.

…and also sets up new targets for 2030:

  • Primary energy consumption should be controlled within 6 billion tce,
  • Non-fossil fuel in the energy mix should be higher than 20%,
  • Natural gas should account for more than 15% of the mix,
  • Non-fossil power generation account for more than 50% of total power generation,
  • Ultra-low polluting coal-fired power plant shall represent more than 80% of the fleet,
  • In parallel, new energy demand should mostly be met by clean energy.

The document also recalls China’s climate change commitments (INDCs) by 2030:

  • CO2 emission peak around 2030 or earlier,
  • Carbon emission per unit of GDP decreases by 60-65% compared with 2005.


    Unit 2010 2015 2020 Growth rate(%) Type
Air quality Share of ‘good’ air quality days %   76.7% >80%   Mandatory
Decrease of PM 2.5 for cities which did not achieve targets  %     -18%   Mandotary
Decrease of serious air pollution days in main cities days     25 days    Indicative
Air pollutants  Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) %     -10%   Mandatory
SO2 %     -15%   Mandatory
NOX %     -15%   Mandatory

Energy governance

The document includes a section on international governance which highlights the need to:

  • Actively participate in the international organisations reform process
  • Actively take up international responsibilities

Vision towards 2050

  • By 2050, primary energy consumption should be stable, with more than half coming from non-fossil energy.
  • By 2050, China shall also become an “important participant” of international energy governance.

Last modified: Mon, 18 Jun 2018 18:38:58 CEST