Year:2011 (last amended mid-2015)
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2011 (last amended mid-2015)
Date Amended:





January 2014 - introduction of 20% revenue tax on solar PV and wind operators receiving FITs. Repealed in July 2014;

March 2015 - FIT scheme limited only to few project types;

July 2015 - retroactive tax of 5% introduced to all power producers, including renewable energy power generators receiving FITs.

Policy Type:Policy Support>Institutional creation, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Feed-in tariffs/premiums, Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Taxes
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources>All
Policy Sector:Electricity, Multi-sectoral Policy
Size of Plant Targeted:Small and Large
Agency:Ministry of Energy; Agency for Sustainable Energy Development
Funding:State budget

The Energy from Renewable Sources Act was adopted in 2011. It regulates the generation and consumption of energy from Renewable Sources (RS) with the aim of creating conditions which allow the national targets for the share of energy from RS in final gross energy consumption to be achieved.


On 5 December 2013, the Bulgarian Parliament approved an amendment of the renewable energy law intended to decrease the amounts paid to renewable energy producers under the long-term power purchase agreements.

The main provisions of the amendment are:
1. A 20% fee on solar and wind parks:
A new fee will be imposed on the income of producers of electricity from solar and wind power plants. The fee will be calculated as 20% on the amount received by the producer for the electricity purchased at the preferential price (net VAT). It will be deducted by the grid company from the payment that is owed under the power purchase agreement.
2. Limitation of the amount of electricity purchased at preferential price
For all renewable, the amount of electricity that will be purchased at preferential prices will be limited to a threshold set by the State Regulatory Energy and Water Commission. The electricity produced in excess of this threshold will be purchased at a lower price equal to the regulated price at which the public provider sells electricity to the end suppliers.

The provisions applied from 1st of January 2014. 

On 31st of July 2014 Bulgaria’s Constitutional Court ruled that amendment as unconstitutional.

On 7th of March 2015 amendments to the Renewable Energy Act and Energy Act in Bulgaria entered into force with the immediate effect limiting feed-in tariff scheme. Starting immediately only power plants using as biomass renewable resource flora and animal residues and power plants with overall installed capacity up to 30 kW which are envisaged to be mounted on roof and facade structures of buildings connected to the electricity distribution grid will be eligible for feed-in tariff support and benefit from mandatory power purchase. Existing operational project will continue to benefit from their respective feed-in tariffs and power purchase agreements (PPAs).

On 22nd of July 2015 amendments to the Renewable Energy Act and Energy Act were introduced imposing a retroactive fee of 5% was imposed on all electricity producers.

Related policies:Ordinance on the vocational education for “fitters of energy equipment and installations” , Energy Act , Feed-in tariffs (FITs) for electricity from renewable sources
This record supersedes:Renewable and Alternative energy sources and Biofuels Act

Last modified: Fri, 02 Mar 2018 10:14:42 CET