Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2010
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy

In Copenhagen, December 2009, the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP15) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held.  The conference resulted in the ‘Copenhagen Accord’ containing several key elements on which there was strong convergence of the views of governments. This included the long-term goal of limiting the maximum global average temperature increase to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, subject to a review in 2015. There was, however, no agreement on how to do this in practical terms. It also included a reference to consider limiting the temperature increase to below 1.5 degrees - a key demand made by vulnerable developing countries.

The Copenhagen Accord includes non-biding commitments of Annex I Parties to implement individually or jointly the quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020. It also includes mitigation actions pledges made by non-Annex I Parties. Nevertheless, these commitments as well as any others provisions of the Accord do not have any legal standing within the UNFCCC process.

Brazil, a non-Annex I Party to the UNFCCC, communicated to the UNFCCC Secretariat its voluntary target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by between 36.1% to 38.9% by 2020 (compared to emissions in 1990). With the proposed voluntary reduction, the Brazilian Government intends to prevent the country from emitting between 975 million and 1 billion tons of carbon dioxide by 2020 compared with forecast emissions if action is not taken.

Last modified: Mon, 02 Dec 2013 16:20:14 CET