Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2010
Policy Type:Policy Support, Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources
Policy Sector:Electricity, Heating and Cooling

In April 2009 a participative process to work out the Austrian Energy Strategy (“Energiestrategie Österreich”) has been launched. For about one year some 180 representatives from the fields of science, economy and environment, from society and the administrative sector discussed intensely on preconditions and policies for a sustainable energy system and eventually developed 39 clusters of measures. These measures were then analysed and evaluated by four specialised institutions (Austrian Energy Agency, Austrian Federal Environment Agency, Energie-Control GmbH, consortium of the Austrian Institute of Economic Research).

The Energy Strategy indicates which strategic priorities and measures are appropriate to achieve these objectives by the year 2020 and simultaneously shows how energy can be provided and used in an environmentally compatible, safe and affordable way.

According to the EU energy and climate package adopted in December 2008 Austria is obligated to:

• increase the share of renewable energy to 34%;
• reduce of the greenhouse gas emissions in sectors not subject to emissions trading by at least 16%;
• achieve 20% growth in energy efficiency.

To cope with these challenges Austria’s new energy strategy aims at:

• Increasing energy efficiency;
• Promoting and intensifying renewable energy;
• Guaranteeing energy supply for the long term.

Renewable energy

The generation of electricity from renewables is to experience a significant extension; utilising the potential of hydropower, wind power, biomass and photovotaic. As to heat supply, the objective is the substitution of fossil energy sources by renewable energy sources and the use of waste heat (district heating in cities and the use of biomass in rural areas). 

Safe energy supply systems

Energy supply is to be guaranteed by the consistent development of renewable energies, long-term availability of conventional energy sources as well as efficient electricity transmission and distribution grids.
For grids, the focus is on the expansion and modernisation of electricity, gas, district heating and cooling systems, as well as on smart grids and smart metering.


The quantitative analysis shows that, if the major part of the proposed package of measures is implemented, the above-mentioned targets (1,100 PJ; 34% renewable energy as well as -16% GHG emissions) can be achieved or surpassed.

Furthermore, it becomes apparent that also in 2020 room heat and mobility will play the most important role in final energy consumption. A vital condition for reaching the reduction target is the adoption of a Federal Climate Protection Act with clearly set responsibilities. By implementing the Energy Strategy up to 80,000 jobs could be safeguarded and newly created.

Last modified: Fri, 15 May 2015 16:08:29 CEST