As part of the Climate Agreement and the coalition agreement, the policy framework for innovations has changed towards mission-oriented innovation programmes. In the Integral Knowledge and Innovation Agenda (IKIA) which was set in 2019, five missions are formulated that contribute to a deep emission reduction of greenhouse gases by 2050. The missions for 2050 are a CO₂-emission free electricity generation, buildings and transport, climate neutral industry and agriculture/nature. For 2030, intermediate targets are formulated for each mission. The knowledge and innovation needs for attaining these targets is formulated in 13 innovation programmes. These programmes will serve as the basis for the energy innovation policy instruments such as TSE, DEI and HER.