Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.
Germany renewable energy 2020 targets:
- Overall target: 18% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption;
- Heating and Cooling: 15.5% of demand met by renewable energy sources;
- Electricity: 37% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
- Transport: 13% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources;
Crucial measure for the development of renewable energies in Germany is “2012 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act –EEG” supporting energy production from renewable sources. The EEG is supplemented by the "Combined Heat and Power Act". Heating sector is supported by “Market Incentive Program (Marktanreizprogramm – MAP)”.