The Energy for Rural Transformation Program (ERT) is a World Bank funded cross-cutting programme aimed at improving rural household energy access. The programme targets 10% of rural electrification by 2012. It also seeks to spread Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), improve water sanitation and drinkable water access.
The electricity access section of the project is divided into two main phases:
- From 2002 to 2009, the programme tackles grid extension in rural areas close to urban centres.
- From 2009 to 2012, it will legally and ficially support independent power producers investing in renewable energy-based mini-grid systems in concentrated but remote settlement areas with a potential for electricity use by rural enterprises.
During this phase, the programme will also emphasise solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies by providing installation grants for small PV systems in remote areas, as well as technical assistance and support for business development.
Grants are provided for the installation of: 20, 000 Small Solar Home systems and 2, 000 large PV systems with a total capacity of around 2 MWp. Funding will also develop 10, 000 biogas plants and increase biofuel production nationwide.
In 2007, 3, 799 Solar Home Systems as well as 1, 928 institutional and 192 commercial PV systems had already been installed.