The first programme ( "National programme for the containment of carbon dioxide emissions") was approved in 1994 with the aim to stabilize CO2 emissions by 2000 at 1990 level.Afterwards the programme was enhanced and updated (CIPE deliberations of 1997 and 1998) and in 2002, when the Kyoto Protocol was ratified, an overall national strategy to meet the Kyoto Protocol target was approved (CIPE deliberation 123/2002). The financial support and legislative instruments to implement the strategy are identified through the Financial Law and allocated at the central and localbodies on the basis of the respective competences.
The CIPE deliberation 123/2002 has also established an inter-Ministerial Technical Committee (CTE). The CTE includes representatives of the Ministries of Economy and Finance, Economic Development,Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies, Infrastructures, Transport, University and Research, Foreign Affairs and of Regions. The main task of the CTE is to monitor the emissions trend, the status of theimplementation of the policies and measures identified in the overall national strategy and to identify the potential further measures to meet the Kyoto Protocol target, if needed. On the basis of the analysisperformed the CTE can propose to CIPE an update of the overall national strategy. The Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea has the leadership of the CTE. In 2009, the CIPE through its deliberation n.16/2009, decided to enhance the institutional framework through the reconstitution of CTE at level of director general and its integration with representatives of the Prime Minister office.