Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry released the Roadmap for Carbon Recycling Technologies in 2019. The Roadmap seeks to advance research and development of CO2 utilisation, referred to as recycling, technologies and contribute to CO2 emissions reductions.
It outlines three phases: the first involves broad research with a focus on technologies that do not require hydrogen input. The second phase will attempt to reduce costs of technologies expected to be ready for deployment around 2030, including polycarbonate chemicals, bio-jet fuels, and some concrete products. The third phase is focused on technologies expected to be ready for deployment around 2050, including additional chemical products, gas and liquid fuels, and commodity concrete products.