Shanghai meeting plugs in to future development and deployment of electric vehicles

Countries agree to pursue common data collection and analysis.

29 April 2011

The latest plans and experiences in implementing initiatives relating to electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) were shared at a meeting of the Electric Vehicles Initiative (EVI) in Shanghai, China.

The EVI (a forum for global co-operation on the development and deployment of electric vehicles) is made up of 13 countries and the International Energy Agency, which is taking the lead in data collection, analysis and dissemination for the EVI.  

The group of 13 countries represents over 80% of the world’s production of cars and is likely to represent more than 80% of the production and sales of Evs over the next decade – with a combined target of nearly six million EV/PHEV sales by 2020. 

In a plenary session with over 500 in attendance, the IEA’s Executive Director, Nobuo Tanaka, addressed the conference on key concerns such as oil security and other reasons for pushing forward with electric vehicles, and outlined targets for 2020 and beyond.

“The targets are extremely encouraging and if we can reach this 2020 combined target, we will be well positioned to reach the BLUE Map target of over 1 billion such vehicles on the road in 2050.  Such a future could save 15 million barrels per day by 2050,” said Mr Tanaka. (The BLUE Map is target-oriented scenario developed by the IEA which sets the goal of halving global energy-related CO2 emissions by 2050 – compared with 2005 levels – and examines the least cost means of achieving the goals through the deployment of existing and new low carbon technologies).


“This is not a short-track race; this is a marathon,” said Andreas-Michael Reinhardt from Germany’s delegation.

The meeting – the International Forum on Electric Vehicle Pilot City and Industrial Developmentran from 20-22 April and focused on the needs of cities within EVI member countries, as they implement EV/PHEV programmes in the next few years.

Key outcomes of the meeting include:

  • Plans to pursue common data collection and analysis across the countries and cities at both national and city-level;
  • An agreement to work with public and private fleets to encourage market development in this sector;
  • A common understanding of issues associated with implementation of codes and standards (though EVI is not a standard setting body and will fully support international standard setting organisations); and
  • Focus on increasing co-operation on research and development.

Shanghai Declaration

At the meeting, representatives from 16 cities in the EVI’s 13 member countries shared their concerns and objectives, helped set priorities, and issued the ‘Shanghai Declaration’.

Diverse business models currently being unveiled in cities, were also discussed during the meeting, with national governments interested in determining which paths to pursue.

Possibilities include:

  • Electric car-sharing schemes, currently in place in Stockholm and Los Angeles;
  • Utilizing Evs in tourism ventures, which has already been done in Kanagawa, Japan and Bornholm, Denmark.
  • Giving citizens the chance to test and better understand Evs before committing to buying the cars. (This was done in Portugal with an EV road show that travelled to 25 cities. The UK has set up a National Training Centre for Evs, in order to better educate the public about these vehicles.

Key terms:

Electric vehicle (EV)
Typically refers to a plug-in, battery electric vehicle.  It is sometimes also termed ‘battery electric vehicle’ or BEV.

Electric Vehicles Initiative
This Initiative provides a forum for global co-operation on the development and deployment of electric vehicles.

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)
PHEV’s contain both an internal combustion engine and a motor with battery pack. In contrast, a regular hybrid vehicle does not have enough battery storage on board to be worthwhile adding a plug-in capability.

Photo: ©IEA.

The Shanghai Declaration

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