IEA releases new edition of global historical data series for all fuels, all sectors and energy balances


24 September 2019

Topics, Statistics, Topics, Coal, Topics, Natural Gas, Topics, Oil , Topics, Nuclear, Topics, Renewables, Topics, Solar Power, Topics, Wind, Topics, Electricity, Topics, Geothermal, Topics, Hydropower

Stats and data release IEAThe IEA 2019 edition of the world’s most comprehensive series of energy databases and data services includes World Energy Statistics and Balances, the full range of fuel information data services, and IEA Key World Energy Statistics, with verified data for 2017, along with provisional data for 2018, for many countries, fuels and sectors. (Photograph: Shutterstock)

The IEA has just released the 2019 edition of the world’s most comprehensive series of energy databases and data services including World Energy Statistics and Balances, the full range of fuel information data services, and IEA Key World Energy Statistics.

This annual release adds verified data for 2017 along with provisional data for 2018 for many countries, fuels and sectors. The data reveal a range of emerging and continuing trends from around the world and across all sectors.

The consolidated data show that total primary energy supply (TPES) increased by 1.9% in 2017 relative to 2016, with the lion’s share of the growth coming from non-OECD countries. China alone accounted for 22% of TPES, far ahead of the United States at 16%, reflecting China’s increasingly central role in the global energy system.

	China	USA	Japan	EU-28	India
1971	391.087677	1587.314648	267.527733		151.836221
1972	411.364754	1666.271083	285.874627		155.34824
1973	426.641625	1728.859309	320.368662		159.776716
1974	437.754211	1690.544684	322.140488		166.049056
1975	483.42139	1653.139101	305.054086		171.940272
1976	499.974974	1765.542282	324.419439		178.844343
1977	544.608025	1823.44333	330.192403		183.96803
1978	590.138201	1876.707201	333.014034		186.511582
1979	599.893242	1871.655505	352.715311		195.045535
1980	598.055863	1802.511097	344.523718		200.040087
1981	593.506368	1752.154701	336.9882		210.168407
1982	612.076088	1679.261399	336.468597		218.297884
1983	636.407801	1680.253321	336.773942		225.385449
1984	675.022214	1751.957642	362.195088		234.734795
1985	691.277665	1770.70308	362.89686		247.025368
1986	715.97743	1768.235973	366.976036		255.739732
1987	752.709458	1842.869094	371.660562		265.433202
1988	793.462564	1916.716253	397.596718		279.852485
1989	809.924318	1946.663249	412.53089		293.039266
1990	873.481896	1914.853458	438.661797	1641.293264	305.6223
1991	847.750018	1928.837938	443.195536	1645.739348	318.414487
1992	876.40238	1967.035356	453.150904	1606.516739	330.07474
1993	928.425878	2001.674061	455.875642	1605.844419	337.956817
1994	972.947803	2037.413024	480.667934	1598.942752	350.938635
1995	1044.912437	2064.07382	493.167812	1645.916908	371.098196
1996	1073.780586	2110.013176	503.874827	1704.978802	382.456904
1997	1073.660458	2131.524708	509.348934	1687.624468	397.675933
1998	1079.025142	2150.346087	499.917069	1697.998731	407.218546
1999	1099.368001	2208.442901	507.897956	1682.524438	430.671707
2000	1130.58924	2270.861762	518.174196	1692.587675	440.817097
2001	1169.01699	2228.782841	509.656309	1733.57773	447.941361
2002	1246.433628	2254.104499	511.15372	1732.079136	462.169
2003	1420.277339	2260.744312	507.681694	1772.381494	473.85492
2004	1615.180788	2306.933547	524.199182	1788.563921	498.989351
2005	1781.950908	2316.79678	522.252977	1793.535818	514.648066
2006	1949.360714	2295.34997	521.912292	1801.134857	532.789458
2007	2098.435464	2334.783475	516.629572	1769.258713	567.739463
2008	2155.056714	2274.421769	498.360588	1761.687001	600.461028
2009	2297.857531	2161.907718	475.421212	1660.337109	665.761834
2010	2537.365811	2214.654734	501.367937	1726.595042	700.307064
2011	2723.209772	2183.589998	463.890937	1663.791949	733.376616
2012	2820.817473	2143.546905	454.000438	1648.507817	766.056767
2013	2911.718888	2179.565038	454.648814	1630.73057	778.782653
2014	2965.638875	2206.121151	439.821273	1569.181159	822.44037
2015	2992.500046	2181.661321	432.061189	1588.112164	835.425891
2016	2972.213755	2158.285397	427.117158	1597.696129	852.899968
2017	3064.555841	2150.38816	432.031904	1618.163192	882.081394
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"Mtoe"}},"xAxis":{"tickPositions":[1971,1975,1980,1985,1990,1995,2000,2005,2010,2017]},"title":{"text":"Total primary energy supply for the EU and selected countries"},"series":[{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":7},{"colorIndex":1},{"colorIndex":4},{"colorIndex":3}],"tooltip":{"valueSuffix":" Mtoe","valueDecimals":0}}

Source: World Energy Balances for TPES for selected countries.

In terms of total final consumption (TFC), the biggest source of growth by far remains non-OECD Asia, accounting for 34% of global TFC in 2017 at 3317 Mtoe, well over double what it was 20 years ago.

 
	Bunkers	OECD	Africa	Non-OECD Americas	Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia	Middle East	Non-OECD Asia
1971	166	2563	158	148	568	26	613
1972	175	2685	164	154	601	29	638
1973	184	2816	171	166	633	33	657
1974	173	2755	174	174	663	37	676
1975	164	2683	182	179	724	43	725
1976	167	2827	189	188	736	48	749
1977	172	2898	195	194	764	56	797
1978	176	2975	202	202	803	63	841
1979	181	3051	208	212	831	76	860
1980	178	2945	216	215	869	80	866
1981	170	2882	225	212	877	91	880
1982	163	2784	228	214	885	100	908
1983	157	2782	232	215	895	112	937
1984	161	2901	240	222	911	113	983
1985	170	2930	246	225	923	118	1004
1986	184	2956	251	232	953	123	1047
1987	187	3041	259	242	969	133	1091
1988	197	3134	267	245	994	140	1143
1989	202	3112	276	248	999	152	1173
1990	202	3118	287	248	1056	150	1202
1991	204	3153	292	251	1032	158	1239
1992	216	3163	296	254	933	176	1270
1993	213	3206	299	261	870	183	1315
1994	222	3265	307	276	756	198	1359
1995	230	3337	321	288	728	202	1433
1996	237	3451	332	302	677	212	1434
1997	245	3478	342	314	651	219	1480
1998	253	3468	348	323	636	226	1488
1999	265	3551	359	327	644	232	1495
2000	273	3643	364	330	646	241	1533
2001	263	3626	374	331	653	254	1568
2002	276	3643	388	334	643	264	1634
2003	278	3702	401	339	663	271	1748
2004	303	3761	414	357	674	290	1935
2005	318	3761	432	369	672	313	2107
2006	335	3767	444	378	686	336	2230
2007	350	3781	458	392	703	361	2352
2008	353	3717	471	410	716	381	2429
2009	336	3559	485	405	659	398	2548
2010	359	3704	495	439	705	415	2718
2011	364	3621	505	445	719	431	2857
2012	351	3595	521	460	720	451	2957
2013	353	3651	545	465	695	459	3044
2014	366	3614	555	472	703	477	3129
2015	383	3638	563	468	689	481	3194
2016	396	3673	575	464	702	481	3242
2017	413	3711	594	463	726	493	3317
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"Mtoe"}},"xAxis":{"tickPositions":[1971,1975,1980,1985,1990,1995,2000,2005,2010,2017]},"title":{"text":"Total final consumption by region"},"series":[{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":7},{"colorIndex":1},{"colorIndex":4},{"colorIndex":3}],"tooltip":{"valueSuffix":" Mtoe","valueDecimals":0}}
 

Source: World Energy Balances for TFC by region.

However, the balance of fuels in TFC varies markedly across and within regions. For example, based on preliminary data for 2018, while total global coal consumption in energy terms increased by 1.2%, total OECD consumption actually fell by 3.2% - this was more than balanced out by a significant 2.5% increase in non-OECD countries. Interestingly, China’s share remained flat, with other non-OECD countries accounting for much of the increase. For example, Indian consumption rose by 5.5%.

	China	India	OECD	Rest of world
1971	13	2	58	27
1972	14	2	57	27
1973	14	2	57	27
1974	14	2	56	28
1975	16	3	54	28
1976	15	3	55	27
1977	17	3	54	27
1978	18	2	53	27
1979	18	2	54	26
1980	18	2	55	25
1981	17	3	55	25
1982	18	3	53	26
1983	19	3	53	25
1984	20	3	52	25
1985	20	3	53	24
1986	20	4	52	25
1987	21	4	51	24
1988	22	4	51	24
1989	22	4	51	23
1990	24	4	49	23
1991	23	5	49	23
1992	25	5	49	22
1993	26	5	48	21
1994	28	5	47	19
1995	30	6	46	19
1996	30	6	47	18
1997	29	6	48	17
1998	30	6	47	17
1999	30	6	47	17
2000	29	6	47	17
2001	30	6	46	17
2002	32	6	45	17
2003	35	6	43	17
2004	37	6	40	16
2005	41	6	38	15
2006	43	6	36	15
2007	44	6	35	15
2008	45	7	34	15
2009	48	8	30	14
2010	49	8	30	13
2011	51	8	28	13
2012	52	8	27	13
2013	52	9	26	13
2014	52	10	25	13
2015	52	10	24	14
2016	52	10	24	15
2017	52	10	23	15
2018p	52	11	22	16
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"% of total world consumption"},"labels":{"format":"{value}%"}},"xAxis":{"type":"category","tickPositions":[0,4,9,14,19,24,29,34,39,47]},"title":{"text":"Shares in world coal TPES "},"series":[{"colorIndex":8},{"colorIndex":7},{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":4},{"showInLegend":false}],"tooltip":{"valueSuffix":" %","valueDecimals":0}}

Source: World Energy Balances for Shares in world coal TPES.

In terms of the fuel mix for power generation, coal remained dominant and actually increased its share in 2017 to 38% after three consecutive years of decline. Renewables cemented their place ahead of natural gas, reaching a share of 25% in 2017. Oil has continued its decline, while the share of nuclear has remained relatively constant recently after a long period of decline.

	Nuclear	Coal	Oil	Natural gas	Renewables
1971	2.11	39.99	21.03	13.26	23.60
1972	2.68	38.37	23.13	12.94	22.89
1973	3.31	38.20	24.79	12.14	21.56
1974	4.34	36.50	23.46	12.44	23.22
1975	5.88	36.51	22.38	12.38	22.81
1976	6.31	37.29	23.31	11.87	21.18
1977	7.35	36.95	23.00	11.76	20.91
1978	8.14	36.01	22.84	11.56	21.42
1979	8.09	36.76	21.48	12.01	21.63
1980	8.61	37.87	20.02	12.06	21.40
1981	9.96	37.61	18.76	12.15	21.49
1982	10.66	38.20	16.96	12.32	21.83
1983	11.63	38.55	15.77	12.13	21.89
1984	13.36	38.06	14.23	12.88	21.45
1985	15.24	38.84	12.15	12.80	20.94
1986	15.87	38.75	12.01	12.62	20.71
1987	16.46	39.25	11.36	13.03	19.88
1988	17.16	38.92	11.36	12.84	19.69
1989	16.76	38.46	11.62	13.92	19.20
1990	16.99	37.38	11.18	14.77	19.38
1991	17.38	37.43	10.93	14.67	19.25
1992	17.37	37.77	10.66	14.65	19.18
1993	17.50	37.69	9.93	14.75	19.80
1994	17.48	37.84	9.82	14.97	19.55
1995	17.59	37.65	9.32	15.24	19.85
1996	17.67	38.27	8.94	15.27	19.50
1997	17.13	38.31	8.74	16.07	19.39
1998	17.06	38.06	8.84	16.64	19.05
1999	17.17	37.85	8.39	17.55	18.70
2000	16.78	38.83	7.82	17.88	18.34
2001	16.96	38.65	7.41	18.73	17.88
2002	16.46	38.96	7.13	19.26	17.83
2003	15.72	40.05	6.93	19.53	17.42
2004	15.62	39.59	6.55	20.06	17.83
2005	15.13	40.02	6.21	20.25	18.02
2006	14.69	40.67	5.54	20.62	18.14
2007	13.71	41.29	5.48	21.29	17.91
2008	13.50	40.78	5.14	21.71	18.55
2009	13.36	40.13	4.85	21.97	19.33
2010	12.80	40.25	4.54	22.48	19.51
2011	11.61	41.14	4.86	22.07	19.89
2012	10.82	40.40	5.01	22.49	20.85
2013	10.59	41.14	4.55	21.63	21.66
2014	10.63	40.69	4.30	21.68	22.27
2015	10.57	39.29	4.01	22.94	22.77
2016	10.44	38.37	3.71	23.31	23.75
2017	10.29	38.52	3.29	22.97	24.48
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"% of global electricity generation"},"labels":{"format":"{value}%"}},"xAxis":{"type":"category","tickPositions":[0,4,9,14,19,24,29,34,39,46]},"title":{"text":"World electricity generation mix"},"series":[{"colorIndex":8},{"colorIndex":6},{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":3},{"colorIndex":1}],"tooltip":{"valueSuffix":" %","valueDecimals":0}}

Source: World Energy Statistics for World electricity generation mix.

Again, there is wide variation at the country level for individual sources. For example, preliminary data for the five largest OECD economies show striking differences in the growth rates of power generation from solar PV.

	Germany	Italy	Japan	United Kingdom	United States
2000	0	0	0	0	0
2001	0	0	1	0	0
2002	0	0	1	0	0
2003	0	0	1	0	0
2004	1	0	1	0	0
2005	1	0	1	0	1
2006	2	0	2	0	1
2007	3	0	2	0	1
2008	4	0	2	0	1
2009	7	1	3	0	2
2010	12	2	4	0	3
2011	20	11	5	0	5
2012	26	19	7	1	9
2013	31	22	13	2	15
2014	36	22	23	4	23
2015	39	23	35	8	32
2016	38	22	46	10	47
2017	39	24	55	12	67
2018p	46	23	68	13	87
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"TWh"}},"xAxis":{"type":"category","tickPositions":[0,2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18]},"title":{"text":"Solar PV generation in major OECD producing countries"},"series":[{"colorIndex":0},{"colorIndex":8},{"colorIndex":4},{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":7}],"tooltip":{"valueSuffix":" TWh","valueDecimals":0}}

Source: World Energy Statistics for Solar PV generation in major OECD producing countries.

Despite such variations, the energy system is becoming increasingly globalised. For example, LNG import prices are increasingly convergent, with import prices for the United States, the European Union, Japan and Korea all falling between approximately $6 to $9 USD per mmBtu in 2018. This compares with a difference of over $8 USD per mmBtu just four years prior.

	Japan	EU Member States	USA
2010	11	6	5
2011	15	8	5
2012	17	10	4
2013	16	10	7
2014	16	9	8
2015	10	6	7
2016	7	4	4
2017	8	5	4
2018	9	7	6
{"chart":{"type":"line","height":"45%"},"plotOptions":{"line":{"marker":{"enabled":false}}},"yAxis":{"title":{"text":"USD/mmBtu"}},"title":{"text":"LNG import prices"},"series":[{"colorIndex":8},{"colorIndex":2},{"colorIndex":7},{"showInLegend":false},{"showInLegend":false}],"tooltip":{"valuePrefix":"$","valueSuffix":" USD/mmBtu","valueDecimals":0}}

Source: Natural Gas Information for LNG import prices.

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