IEA releases Oil Market Report for October

14 October 2014

The IEA Oil Market Report (OMR) for October reduced its forecast of global oil demand for 2014 by 0.2 million barrels per day (mb/d) from the previous month, to 92.4 mb/d, on lower expectations of economic growth and the weak recent trend. Annual demand growth for 2014 is now projected at 0.7 mb/d, rising tentatively to 1.1 mb/d in 2015 as the macroeconomic backdrop improves.

OPEC crude oil output surged to a 13‐month high in September, the monthly report informed subscribers, led by Libya’s continued recovery and higher Iraqi flows. Production rose 415 000 barrels per day (415 kb/d) from August to 30.66 mb/d. A weaker demand outlook cut the “call on OPEC crude and stock change” by 200 kb/d for 2015 to 29.3 mb/d. The “call” declines seasonally by 1.5 mb/d from the fourth quarter of this year to the first quarter of 2015.

The higher output from OPEC as well as from non-OPEC producers lifted global supply by almost 910 kb/d in September to 93.8 mb/d. Compared with a year earlier, total supply stood 2.8 mb/d higher, as OPEC supply swung back to growth and amplified robust non‐OPEC supply gains of 2.1 mb/d. Non‐OPEC supply growth is expected to average 1.3 mb/d in 2015.

Global refinery crude demand hit new highs in August, near 79 mb/d, with OECD runs leading the uptick. The onset of seasonal plant maintenance sees runs fall through October, taking global crude runs to 77.5 mb/d this  quarter from 78.1 mb/d in the third quarter, with year‐on‐year growth rising over the same period to 1.4 mb/d from 0.9 mb/d.

OECD commercial total oil inventories in September built by 37.7 mb over August, to 2 698 mb, narrowing the five‐year‐average deficit to 38.1 mb, from 67.1 mb one month earlier. Preliminary data indicate that inventories rose counter‐seasonally by 14.0 mb over September, led by a steep 11.7 mb build in middle distillates.

OMR subscribers this month also benefitted from a summary of breakeven prices and world oil production as well as in-depth articles on the effect of the Middle East’s refining boom on product flows, Indian pricing reform for diesel and capacity oil storage in Singapore. 

The Oil Market Report (OMR) is a monthly International Energy Agency publication which provides a view of the state of the international oil market and projections for oil supply and demand 12-18 months ahead. To subscribe, click here.

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