World Energy Outlook 2018
London, UK: 13 November 2018
The World Energy Outlook is the gold standard of long-term energy analysis. The 2018 edition provides updated analysis to show what the latest data, technology trends and policy announcements might mean for the energy sector to 2040. It also outlines an integrated way to meet multiple sustainable development goals: limiting the global temperature rise in line with the Paris Agreement, addressing air pollution, and ensuring universal access to energy.
These points of orientation allow for rigorous thinking about the future against a backdrop of cost reductions in key clean energy technologies, the continued vitality of shale in the United States, and the fast-changing dynamics of energy investment.
This year’s Outlook includes a special focus on two critical areas:
- Electricity: The future is electrifying, with low-carbon technologies on the rise and electricity demand set to grow at twice the pace of energy demand as a whole. But what will tomorrow’s power sector look like? How will it incentivise investment and ensure reliable supply, and what share of our total energy needs can ultimately be met by electricity?
- Producer economies: How are traditional oil and gas-exporting countries adapting to a new price and policy environment, and what might be the implications for these economies of longer-term structural changes in demand?
The 2018 World Energy Outlook also examines the emissions intensities of different sources of oil and gas as well as what can be done to reduce them, and extends our ground-breaking Sustainable Development Scenario to include the linkages between energy and water.