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About Energy Technology Perspectives

Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) is the International Energy Agency’s most ambitious publication on energy technology. It demonstrates how technologies can make a decisive difference in limiting climate change and enhancing energy security.

ETP aims to:

  • Guide short term action based on long-term analysis;
  • Outline the technological options for achieving deep cuts in carbon emissions over the next 50 years and beyond;
  • Assess the state of progress in transforming the energy system;
  • Outline possible pathways to a more sustainable energy system;
  • Identify potential stumbling blocks and how to avoid them;
  • Provide guidance on which policies are best suited to bring about necessary changes at least cost and most effectively; and
  • Assess benefits and costs associated with different scenarios.

ETP is the IEA’s most long-term outlook. The main results are presented for 2050, and in the 2012 edition the analysis is, for the first time, extended to 2075.

ETP collaborates closely with the IEA’s technology network (Implementing Agreements), which gives substantial input to the analysis. There are also regular workshops with industry and academic partners, on specific topics.

ETP has been published every two years since 2006.

The IEA welcomes questions and queries relating to ETP. 
Please contact

Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 - how to secure a clean energy future

ETP 2012Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 (ETP2012) is the International Energy Agency’s most ambitious publication on new developments in energy technology. It demonstrates how technologies – from electric vehicles to smart grids – can make a decisive difference in achieving the objective of limiting the global temperature rise to 2°C and enhancing energy security.  

ETP2012 presents scenarios and strategies to 2050, with the aim of guiding decision makers on energy trends and what needs to be done to build a clean, secure and competitive energy future.

Executive Summary
  /  Table of Contents  /  Press release  / Listen to the webcast of ETP-2012 launch press conference (registration required) 

Executive Summary in other languages - Arabic / Chinese / French‌ / German / Italian / Korean / Japanese / Portuguese / Russian / Spanish /

You are welcome to use our slides but please make sure to reference them "IEA Energy Technology Perspectives 2012."

Download our complete ETP 2012 slide deck here or view on slideshare

Tapping technology’s potential to secure a clean energy future
Presentation to Press by Ms. Maria van der Hoeven, Executive Director and Mr. Bo Diczfalusy, Director, June 11, 2012.

Order ETP2012 here


ETP2012 shows:

- Current progress on clean energy deployment, and what can be done to accelerate it?
- How energy security and low carbon energy are linked?
- How energy systems will become more complex in the future? Why systems integration is beneficial and how it can be achieved?
- How demand for heating and cooling will evolve dramatically and which solutions will satisfy it?
- Why flexible electricity systems are increasingly important, and how a system with smarter grids, energy storage and flexible generation can work?
- Why hydrogen could play a big role in the energy system of the future?
- Why fossil fuels will not disappear but will see their roles change, and what it means for the energy system as a whole?
- What is needed to realise the potential of carbon capture and storage (CCS)?
- Whether available technologies can allow the world to have zero energy related emissions by 2075 – which seems a necessary condition for the world to meet the 2°C target?

Global scenarios to 2050 are the backbone of ETP, and the 2012 edition features detailed scenarios for nine world regions.