energy Russia energy china flag

Banner Image Energy Technology Perspectives

About Energy Technology Perspectives

The International Energy Agency (IEA) Energy Technology Perspectives (ETP) analysis offers a comprehensive, long-term view of energy system trends and technologies essential to meet goals for affordable, secure and low-carbon energy.

Energy production and its future

Since it was first published in 2006, ETP has evolved into a suite of publications that sets out pathways to a sustainable energy future in which optimal policy support and technology choices are driven by economics, energy security and environmental factors: 

  • Topic-specific books and papers explore particularly timely subjects or cross-cutting challenges
  • Tracking Clean Energy Progress provides a yearly snapshot of advances in diverse areas, while also showing the interplay among technologies
  • Supported by ETP analysis the IEA Technology Roadmaps assess the potential for transformation across various technology areas, and outline actions and milestones for deployment

Energy production’s role and impacting energy policy

Collectively, this series lays out the wide range of necessary and achievable steps that can be taken in the near and medium terms to set the stage for long-term energy policy objectives, clearly identifying the roles of energy sector players, policy makers and industry.  Next editions will examine the role of technology innovation to meet climate goals (2015) and urban energy systems (2016).  

ETP collaborates closely with the IEA’s energy technology network (see energy technology initiatives), which gives substantial input to the analysis. There are also regular workshops with industry and academic partners, on specific topics.

The IEA welcomes questions and queries relating to ETP.   Please contact

Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 - Harnessing Electricity's Potential

energy technology in ETP 2014Energy Technology Perspectives sits at the heart of the International Energy Agency's work on energy technology and policy. It offers a comprehensive, long-term analysis of trends in the energy sector - and of the technologies that are essential to achieving an affordable, secure and low-carbon system.  

Starting from the premise that electricity will be an increasingly important vector in energy systems of the future, Energy Technology Perspectives 2014 (ETP 2014) takes a deep dive into actions needed to support deployment of sustainable options for generation, distribution and end-use consumption. 

Clean energy through technology

In addition to modelling the global outlook to 2050 under different scenarios, ETP 2014 incorporates the IEA's annual progress report on global efforts to engineer a clean-energy transformation. Moreover, ETP 2014 provides insight on many key questions about the future energy system, including:

  • How much will the transformation to a clean-energy system cost?
  • Is solar the answer to decarbonising the electricity supply?
  • How can technologies help continue to exploit the advantages of natural gas in a decarbonised energy system? 
  • Can electrification have a meaningful impact on transportation, and if so, how?
  • Is energy storage the game changer that many want to believe?
  • What will it take to reach high-efficiency power generation in India? 

Energy and technology guidance for the past decade

Since it was first published in 2006, Energy Technology Perspectives has evolved into a series that sets out pathways to a sustainable energy future in which optimal technology choices in energy production are driven by cost, energy security and environmental factors. .

Executive Summary  /  Table of Contents  /  Press release  

Executive Summary in other languages - Chinese / French / German / Japanese / Korean / Russian / Spanish

Order ETP2014