Energy Access


In 2015, 193 Member States of the United Nations agreed as part of the Sustainable Development Goals on SDG 7, a specific goal to “ensure access to affordable, reliable and modern energy for all by 2030” – universal access to electricity and clean cooking.  For nearly 20 years, the International Energy Agency has been at the forefront of international efforts to assess and understand the persistent energy access deficit and chart a pathway to Energy for All by 2030.

Achieving modern energy for all by 2030 is possible and brings with it big benefits for minimal expenditure.

To provide universal electricity for all, decentralised systems, led by solar PV in off-grid and mini-grid systems, will be the least-cost solution for three-quarters of the additional connections needed, but that grid extension will still have a role to play, especially in urban areas. Achieving clean cooking for all relies on the deployment of LPG, natural gas and electricity in urban areas and a range of technologies in rural areas, including increasing the deployment of improved and advanced biomass cookstoves.

Learn more in our Key Findings for Access to Energy Outlook 2017 or watch our online webinar.

Our work on Energy access