Global Engagement

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Sweden has been an IEA Member Country since the Agency was founded in 1974.

In many ways, Sweden is leading the way towards a low-carbon economy. Today, it has the second-lowest CO2 emissions per GDP among the IEA member countries, after Switzerland, and the second-lowest CO2 emissions per capita, after Mexico. In part, this follows on from having the lowest share of fossil fuels in its primary energy supply amongst IEA members, as the country is relatively energy-intensive. Space heating and electricity generation are already practically decarbonised. Another factor is that energy use is generally efficient, largely owing to the wide use of electricity and district heating. Electricity use per capita is one of the highest in the world.

Sweden’s energy policy has for decades aimed for a sustainable energy system and focused on energy efficiency and switching from fossil fuels to domestic renewable energy. This policy has been very successful. Total primary energy supply (TPES) and total final consumption of energy (TFC) peaked already late last century and have remained stable, while the economy and the population have kept growing. Electricity demand is increasing only slowly. The country is set to continue on the same path by improving energy efficiency and increasing renewable energy use from already high levels. In its energy market policy, the government aims to promote efficient and competitive markets that would ensure a reliable energy supply at internationally competitive prices.

Technology Collaboration Programmes

The IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) underpin IEA efforts to support innovation for energy security, economic growth and environmental protection. The TCPs operating today involve about 6 000 experts from government, industry and research organisations in more than 50 countries.

Sweden participates in technology collaboration programme.

Read more about TCPs