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Mexico joined the IEA in 2018.
Total energy demand in Mexico has grown by a quarter since 2000 and electricity consumption has grown by half, but per-capita energy use is still less than 40% of the OECD average, leaving scope for further growth. Mexico’s prospects for economic and population growth appear stronger than those of other IEA member countries. Its population is expected to grow to more than 150 million towards 2050 from around 120 million today. This, together with improvements in productivity, will drive economic growth. As a result, energy demand is set to increase significantly, also because energy use in Mexico is still relatively low: electricity use per capita is only 30% and TPES 40% of the IEA average.
The energy mix is dominated by oil and gas, with oil accounting for around half of the total – a share higher even than in the Middle East. Mexico has a fast-growing electricity sector, with demand increasing on average by 2.9% per year since 2000. Natural gas is the main source for electricity, benefiting from low gas prices in North America. Power generation from renewable sources is set to increase significantly, thanks to targets and support for clean energy and exceptionally good wind and solar resources. In contrast, oil use for electricity has declined dramatically over the past 15 years, but remains higher than in many other IEA countries. 98.7% of the population has access to electricity (INEGI) and the challenge consists in connecting the remaining, remote areas. Efficiency gains in Mexico since 2000 have reduced coal and gas imports by 2% and avoided 12 MT CO₂-eq in emissions. More than half of these savings have been achieved in the residential sector, followed by passenger transport.
Technology Collaboration Programmes
The IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) underpin IEA efforts to support innovation for energy security, economic growth and environmental protection. The TCPs operating today involve about 6 000 experts from government, industry and research organisations in more than 50 countries.
Mexico participates in technology collaboration programme.