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Ireland has been an IEA Member Country since the Agency was founded in 1974.

Ireland has successfully advanced the transformation of its energy sector since the last IEA In-Depth Review in 2012, and boasted the third highest share of wind in electricity generation of all IEA member countries in 2017. The Irish electricity system is capable of accommodating up to 65% of instantaneous variable generation at any given time; a remarkable achievement and proof of the substantial innovation and research capacity of the Irish economy. Ireland has also improved its energy security through a substantial increase in domestic gas production, a reduction of the share of oil in energy supply and by strengthening its oil emergency reserves system.

The Irish economy has recovered remarkably from the economic crisis which started in 2008 and is the fastest growing economy among all IEA countries since 2014, when GDP exceeded pre-crisis levels. Energy use has increased with GDP growth but still remains under the 2006 peak, partly reflecting the structural shift in the economy. The shift towards an economy dominated by the services sector, and especially the government’s strategy to seek to establish Ireland as a preferred location for the global digital and data hosting industry, will potentially result in strongly growing electricity demand. This makes the fast decarbonisation of the electricity system a necessity.

Despite the progress made, Ireland is not on course to meet its mandatory emissions reduction and renewable energy targets for 2020. Furthermore, there are questions about Ireland’s ability to meet the 2030 emission reduction targets, though the impact of the most recent policies announced by the Government is not yet reflected in the latest emission pathway projections.

Technology Collaboration Programmes

The IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) underpin IEA efforts to support innovation for energy security, economic growth and environmental protection. The TCPs operating today involve about 6 000 experts from government, industry and research organisations in more than 50 countries.

Ireland participates in technology collaboration programme.

Read more about TCPs