Global Engagement

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Finland

Finland joined the IEA in 1992.


With abundant forest resources, Finland is a global leader in developing second-generation biofuels. The by-products and wood residues from the forestry industry are used as fuels in power and heat generation or processed to second-generation biofuels, notably biodiesel where Finland’s industry is leading globally. Since 2007, the supply of biofuels and waste increased by 30% whereas oil supply dropped by 9% and the supply of coal, natural gas and peat declined by almost 50%. Global demand for Finland’s forest-based products is growing and, as a consequence, so is the supply of these wood-based energy sources.

The country has aligned its climate and energy policies within a robust policy framework and set ambitious climate targets for 2030, such as cutting oil consumption in half and achieving 30% of renewables in transport by 2030. As the power sector is largely decarbonised, transport is a key sector for the country’s ambitious national climate targets.

As an Arctic country, Finland faces rapid changes in its climate, with potential consequences for, among others, forest growth and the occurrence and strength of winter storms. Finland's most recent National Climate Change Adaptation Plan was adopted in 2014 and a range of measures have been put in place to strengthen the resilience of the electricity distribution networks.

Finland has been a leader among IEA countries in public and private spending on energy research, development and demonstration. A longer-term policy framework for 2050 will be pivotal to guide investments in clean energy technology innovation, a critical factor for reaching decarbonisation goals.


Technology Collaboration Programmes

The IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCPs) underpin IEA efforts to support innovation for energy security, economic growth and environmental protection. The TCPs operating today involve about 6 000 experts from government, industry and research organisations in more than 50 countries.

Finland participates in technology collaboration programme.

Read more about TCPs