Global Engagement

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IEA and the G20


Since the Pittsburgh Leaders' Summit in 2009, the IEA has actively supported G20 deliberations on energy by providing inputs to G20 Leaders’ Summits, Energy Ministers Meetings, Sherpa meetings, as well as the Think20, Business20 and Women20. The IEA contributes to the G20 Energy Sustainability Working Group (established in 2013) and Climate Sustainability Working Group across all energy work streams of the G20, including those on energy security, sustainable development, energy data, market transparency, renewable energy, energy access, energy efficiency and the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies, a core energy objective of the G20 since 2009.

Read more about the IEA's contributions to G20 activities below, or read our press release from June 2019.

G20: energy at a glance


Total primary energy supply and electricity generation, G20 countries 2017
	Natural gas	Nuclear	Hydro	Geothermal	Biofuels and waste	Coal	Oil	Other renewables
Argentina	45127.1898	1618.9101	3426.6935	0	3907.7689	824.7783	29488.7824	54.3613
Australia	31314.3594	0	1378.9338	0.4299	5381.1667	43908.0437	42897.2893	2152.6208
Brazil	32525.5581	4100.9917	31892.2147	0	86450.0709	16783.0051	110720.5772	4549.4473
Canada	100863.822	26345.6578	33752.0206	0	13686.3262	17015.725	99921.2644	2825.8955
China	197931.5526	64651.2416	101390.5459	10374.8597	113609.8092	1856302.056	593997.0923	59950.5798
India	50573.0716	9991.4015	12192.6939	0	187136.6031	390944.4967	223317.0229	7478.6045a
Indonesia	38900.5756	0	1602.0636	21950.129	57546.3035	46634.3822	75590.1338	3.0139
Japan	100895.1317	8575.4561	7124.1357	2240.8818	15206.9303	116475.0506	175990.1403	5524.1773
Mexico	62598.2588	2835.6653	2749.8968	3043.5177	9083.8588	12689.342	85819.7749	1251.1846
Russia	388334.4179	53279.3384	15908.2655	104.8887	7840.7008	114601.7071	153962.6569	59.9825
Saudi Arabia	78009.3672	0	0	0	7.431	0	133290.5171	0.0859
South Africa	4261.3822	3698.1162	74.8997	0	6728.5783	98227.7501	18764.7613	998.8906
Korea	43213.9746	38673.9428	242.4662	184.0539	7190.1884	82598.8435	109095.7772	1001.4254
Turkey	44232.4592	0	5005.8867	7128.0124	3032.1261	40088.5399	44317.5436	3041.9604
United States	643934.0069	218573.0126	25998.4733	9210.7768	101162.8136	330745.5638	790278.3742	30485.1383
European Union - 28	398384.1217	216299.0818	25862.7352	6814.031	158717.6953	234191.054	531133.2352	45666.2131
France	38491.5726	103796.12	4297.0045	414.5375	17912.3862	9890.6113	72567.9737	3164.8613
Italy	61549.023	0	3112.5289	5500.7834	14861.0635	9343.9783	52000.5386	3830.5292
United Kingdom	67839.4024	18326.8001	509.727	0.7882	12413.9623	9563.9315	60616.3921	5342.906
Germany	75340.6791	19886.9173	1732.5881	255.4696	31012.497	71414.3291	102965.169	13151.1034
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	Natural gas	Nuclear	Hydro	Geothermal	Biofuels and waste	Coal	Oil	Other renewables
Argentina	82597.396	6213.215	39852.445	0	2094.597	2435.848	11460.257	632.223
Australia	50460	0	16037	0.512	3500	161830	5272	20670.12
Brazil	65593.316	15739.196	370906.457	0	52254.811	25336.842	15917.489	43205.071
Canada	57568	101112	392536	0	7350	59846	7296	32580
China	208394.946	248125	1179172.049	125.225	91058.685	4465709.342	11454.938	429297.175
India	70893.175	38346	141801.03	0	45430.71	1133626.84	25036.744	77095.967
Indonesia	55319.86	0	18632	12764	829.73	147875.41	19413	35.05
Japan	398140.428	32911.743	82853.698	2457.052	40931.684	351830.431	69927.861	81961.648
Mexico	190010	10883	31981.3	5945.488	2163.614	31053.593	38498	11526.83
Russia	518659.787	203143.077	185013.128	434.952	2678.103	174568.232	6017.296	697.596
Saudi Arabia	221836.352	0	0	0	0	0	126014.753	1
South Africa	0	14193	871.083	0	297.155	226710.497	183.193	8400.399
Korea	125946.98	148426.725	2819.882	0	6897.123	255508.524	11795.021	11183.988
Turkey	110489.981	0	58218.462	6127.482	2123.983	97476.295	1199.878	21641.443
United States	1337703.377	838861.365	302362.244	18726.464	78518.277	1321420.731	32411.571	333672.622
European Union - 28	663310.886	829719.069	300783.607	6715.039	210631.744	709631.947	60660.366	486062.766
France	40438.986	398359.129	49974.162	133.13	10171.59	15058.029	7389.721	35484.793
Italy	140349.284	0	36198.711	6201.159	21851.41	35096.18	11526.694	42780.613
United Kingdom	136745.82	70336.426	5928.125	0	36022.491	23284.187	1614.497	61532.721
Germany	87685	76324	20150	163	58220	252823.601	5571	146795
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Source: IEA World Energy Balances, 2019

IEA contributions to the G20 in 2019


Hydrogen

At the request of the government of Japan under its G20 presidency, the IEA has produced a landmark report to analyse the current state of play for hydrogen and to offer guidance on its future development.

The Future of Hydrogen finds that clean hydrogen is currently enjoying unprecedented political and business momentum, with the number of policies and projects around the world expanding rapidly. It concludes that now is the time to scale up technologies and bring down costs to allow hydrogen to become widely used. The pragmatic and actionable recommendations to governments and industry that are provided will make it possible to take full advantage of this increasing momentum.


Energy Technology & Innovation

In the context of its G20 Presidency, the Japanese Government asked the IEA to identify technology and innovation needs to solve energy sector challenges, including key energy transitions technologies and their innovation gaps, as well as the role of public/private financing and international collaboration to overcome gaps and strengthen policies for technology and innovation development, demonstration and deployment.

Rigorous tracking of public and private sector investment on energy technology innovation is vital to better identify gaps and opportunities to enhance the efficiency of resource allocation. Measurement of progress in clean energy innovation needs to go beyond the flow of investment to also focus on performance indicators.

Technology Innovation to Accelerate Energy Transitions sets out around  100 “Innovation Gaps”  and identifies specific, key innovation needs in each energy technology area that require additional efforts, including through global collaboration.


Low carbon investment

The IEA has helped to track trends and identify policies for securing investment in low carbon power generation - one of the key challenges for the decarbonisation of the energy sector, notably in organised power markets.

Based on insights from the IEA’s flagship publication, the World Energy Outlook 2018 and the recent World Energy Investment report 2019, the IEA produced a dedicated report with guidance to policy makers how to accelerate the decarbonisation of the power sector. Securing Investments in Low-Carbon Power Generation Sources sheds light on key priority actions to accelerate energy transitions in the context of G20.


Energy Efficiency

In the context of its G20 Presidency, the Japanese Government asked the IEA to undertake preliminary analysis looking at the efficiencies of certain sectors of large industry, transport and cooling among G20 countries. The focus was on illustrating how greater data sharing could inform current efficiency levels and future enhancement potentials. The IEA mandate was not focused on country comparisons but on the support of enhanced cooperation & collaboration across the G20 to improve the data gathering process (e.g. to eliminate gaps, improve consistency, etc.). This is an essential prerequisite to help governments to better track policy choices & outcomes in energy efficiency.


Other contributions

The IEA continuously supports the G20 energy programme on a range of issues, including by tracking progress towards sustainable development goals (SDG 7 on energy and related goals) and phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.