Frequently Asked Questions on Energy Security
The following information is based on the most recently available data and analysis from the IEA and will be updated periodically.
National Reliance on Russian Fossil Fuel Imports
How do countries rely on and consume Russian energy?
Energy Fact Sheet: Why does Russian oil and gas matter?
A 10-Point Plan to Reduce the European Union’s Reliance on Russian Natural Gas
Coal Mine Methane in Russia
Optimising Russian Natural Gas
Reform and Climate Policy