Current trends in energy supply and use are unsustainable – economically, environmentally and socially. Without decisive action, energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions could more than double by 2050. To effectively reduce GHG emissions, energy efficiency, renewable energy and carbon capture and storage will require widespread deployment.
Understanding the growing importance of renewable energies, the IEA has established the Renewable Energy Division (RED) as part of its Energy Markets and Security Directorate (EMS). RED is the IEA's main hub for information and analysis of renewable energy.
The work of the Renewable Energy Division (RED) is based in three pillars: 1) assessment of renewable energy technology status and progress; 2) market and policy developments; and 3) system and market integration:
Pillar 1: Technology Assesment
Outlook for renewable energy technology development, costs and prospects for mainstream use via publication of Technology Roadmaps and other publications.
Support for international collaboration on energy technology research, development and information dissemination via the IEA multilateral technology initiatives (called Implementing Agreements).
Pillar 2: Market & Policy
Pillar 3: System and Market Integration
- Comprehensive assessment of system-related aspects of renewables integration in energy grids and markets.
- Analysis of possible market design reforms aiming at an improved system ibtegration of renewables and flexibility of power systems via the Grid Integration of Variable Renewables (GIVAR) project. The most recent analysis: The Power of Transformation: Wind, Sun and the Economics of Flexible Power Systems.