The IEA conducts a broad range of transport research and analysis, which focuses on ways in which countries can reduce the energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity of their respective transport sectors. Policy advice is given to governments on the effectiveness of implementing advanced technologies, improving fuel efficiency and shifting to lower carbon fuels and transport modes. This work involves analysing technologies and systems, which can be developed and adopted by countries to reduce dependence on oil and the amount of greenhouse gases produced by the transport sector. The IEA is involved in several projects involving external stakeholders:
- The Mobility Model partnership.
- The Global Fuel Economy Initiative: The GFEI partnership - which also includes the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Transport Forum (ITF), and the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) Foundation - argues that by creating greater fuel economy, CO2 emissions will be halved by 2050 and an annual saving of six billion barrels of oil a year could be achieved by this date.
- The Electric Vehicle Initiative
- The SLoCaT partnership: SLoCaT (the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport) aims to improve the knowledge of governments and businesses from developing countries on sustainable low carbon transport, and helps develop better policies for governments to implement. Over 50 organisations have joined the Partnership, including UN organisations, multilateral development banks, technical co-operation agencies, non governmental organisations, and research organisations.
- The annual databook on rail, energy and CO2: Produced by the IEA and the International Railways Federation (UIC), this databook provides statistics on the energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of the rail sector. It was released for the first time in 2012.