The Model Framework proposes principles for addressing twenty-nine key issues associated with regulating CCS, based on the work of early-movers such as Australia, Europe and the United States, to assist national and regional CCS regulatory framework development.
For each issue, an explanation is provided as well as examples of how the issue has been addressed in existing legislation. For CO₂ storage issues, base, or “starting point”, model legislative text is also provided, which countries and regions can draw on in developing CCS regulatory frameworks.
CCS Model Regulatory Framework (full version)
Issues addressed include:
|Classification of CO₂||Engaging the public in decision-making||Corrective measures and remediation measures|
|Property rights||CO₂capture||Liability during the project period|
|Competition with other users and preferential rights issue||CO₂transportation||Authorisation for storage site closure|
|Transboundary movement of CO₂||Scope of framework and prohibitions||Liability during the post-closure period|
|International laws on protection of the marine environment||Definitions and terminology applicable to regulating CO₂ storage||Financial contributions to post-closure stewardship|
|Incentivising CCS as part of climate change mitigation strategies||Authorisation of storage site exploration activities||Sharing knowledge and experience through the demonstration phase|
|Protecting human health||Regulating site selection and characterisation activities||CCS Ready|
|Composition of the CO₂ stream||Authorisation of storage activities||Using CCS for biomass-based sources|
|The role of environmental impact assessment||Project inspections||Understanding enhanced hydrocarbon recovery with CCS|
|Third-party access to storage site and transportation infrastructure||Monitoring, reporting and verification requirements|