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The IEA provides support for international collaboration on energy technology R&D, deployment and information dissemination. These groups function within a framework created by the IEA - the International Framework for International Energy Technology Collaboration. The views, findings and publications of these international groups (formally called Implementing Agreements) do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or of all its individual member countries. OECD Member countries, autonomous OECD non-member countries, intergovernmental organisations, non-governmental organisations and private sector entities may participate. For more information, see our Technology Agreements page.

Advanced Motor Fuels


The vision of AMF is to contribute to sustainable solutions through our system view of the entire fuel chain from resource development to end-use. Our cooperative research in the field of transport fuels helps to facilitate the widespread use of sustainable fuels of high quality.


AMF is one of the key players in the promotion of international collaboration in R&D, deployment and dissemination of clean, energy-efficient and sustainable fuels and related vehicle technology. It will continue to provide a fuel neutral platform for co-operative R&D, deployment and dissemination, make use of the multifaceted expertise of its partners and networks, and provide a respected clearinghouse for information facilitating the wide spread deployment of technologies for sustainable transport. We foresee increased need for cooperation and collaboration with other transport-related Implementing Agreements, such as Bioenergy, HEV, and Combustion. Together with new AMF member countries we are able to address a more diverse set of challenges in technology and local conditions. We also work actively for energy conservation in transport.

Strategic Objectives

AMF has defined three strategic objectives:

  • Information, Dissemination and Membership (Objective 1):
    To gather, evaluate and disseminate information on advanced motor fuels and to act as a clearing-house on related information. To provide an easy-access platform for interested parties to become member of AMF.
  • Cooperative R&D (Objective 2):
    To create, maintain and make use of networks among partners involved in research, development, and demonstration related to advanced motor fuels
  • Markets and Deployment (Objective 3):
    To encourage large-scale market deployment of advanced motor fuels by contributing to the identification of technical and economic barriers and by providing solid data to decision makers.

Signatories : Austria | Canada | China | Denmark | Finland | France | Germany | Israel | Italy | Japan | Japan | Korea, Republic of | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Thailand | United States |
For more information: http://www.iea-amf.org

Current Projects (Annexes)

28. Information Service & AMF Website
The main task of this Annex is to produce four electronic newsletters per year and to maintain the AMF website. In addtion, a new fuel information sytstem is currently under development, adn the website has been refreshed recently (Feb 2013).


38. Evaluation of Environmental Impact of Biodiesel Vehicles in Real Traffic Conditions
Objectives • How does biodiesel fuels (BDF) affect emissions of the newest diesel vehicles? • The real-world emissions of the diesel vehicles fuelled with BDF • Diesel vehicles applied to BDF without special customizing • Comparison of the real-world emissions between the case of light oil and that of BDF • Effect of BDF on the real-world fuel economy Content of Work • Chassis dynamometer test (Light oil, 1st generation BDF and 2nd generation BDF) • Real-world driving test for emission and fuel economy measurement (Light oil, 1st generation BDF and 2nd generation BDF) • Real-world driving test under the cold start condition


41. Alternative Fuels for Marine Applications
The overall objective of the Task is to compile an extensive volume of information relative to the implementation of various alternative fuels (AF) within the Asian and European maritime sectors and recommend the most fiscally sound policy in order to achieve the goals of environmental compliance, seamless integration of alternative fuels within existing infrastructures, unfettered maritime trade practices, and fewest impediments to ship owners and operators.


42. Toxicity of Exhaust Gases and Particles from IC-Engines - International Activities Survey
The present Annex offers information services and knowledge transfer. The Annex will also help the found finding at EC and other potential sponsors for the activities of Engine Toxicity Network (EngToxNet) and will help to make these activities world-wide. The Annex will inform and encourage the oversea partners / members for activities in the domain of toxicology and health risks. The Annex will help several non-member states to become AMF-members.


43. Performance Evaluation of Passenger Car, Fuel and Powerplant Options
This is a task-shared undertaking aimed at producing unbiased and directly-comparable information of energy efficiency and exhaust emissions of different fuel and powerplant options for passenger vehicles that are currently on the market or expected to come available soon.


35-2. Particulate Measurements: Ethanol and Butanol in DISI Engines
Because of the increasing use of ethanol, the growing number of DISI engines available from vehicle manufacturers, and of the impact on the design and effectiveness of aftertreatment systems, there is a need to understand particulate formation due to interaction of ethanol-gasoline blends in DISI engines. Initial research has shown that low-level ethanol blends decrease PM formation; however, further confirmation is needed. Particulate formation is basically unknown in the cases of butanol blends. This sub-task to Annex 35 is designed to shed light on these issues.


39. Enhanced Emission Performance and Fuel Efficiency for HD Methane Engines
The first step of the project is a literature study summarizing available information about dedicated methane fuelled HD engines as well as engine technology using a mix of methane and diesel oil (Diesel Dual Fuel, DDF). The study is conducted on current status for enhanced fuel efficiency and durability for heavy duty engines fuelled by methane, and the report elaborates the following major issues. 1. Engine technology 2. Emission aftertreatment technology 3. Market and literature study (supplier of engines, technology, field experience, lab tests) 4. Procedures for approval of different technologies (EU, UNECE, USA, Australia) 5. Methane as a vehicle fuel 6. Findings and conclusions The result of the literature study was presented in a report containing presentation of state-of-the-art technology, high lighting the potential for methane fuel for the transportation sector and a road map for recommended further actions. A draft report was presented in November 2009, and the final report (from the literature study) was published May 2010 on the IEA-AMF public domain. The recommended road map for future work, phase two of the project, is highlighted as follows: •Continue the dialog with suppliers of DDF-concepts and interested OEM´s •Verify present status of fuel efficiency and emission performance for commercial available DDF concepts •Benchmarking of available concepts (DDF & SI) for methane fuelled HD engines •Develop a first proposal of a certification scheme for HD dual fuel engines •Consider methods for verification of emission performance for methane fuelled HD engines in normal operation (I & M program)


44. Research on Unregulated Pollutants Emissions of Vehicles Fuelled with Alcohol Alternative Fuels
By measuring the unregulated pollutant emissions of vehicles fuelled with alcohol fuels, the main purpose of this project is to obtain the unregulated pollutant emission levels of alcohols fuelled vehicles and gradually establish the measurement methods and standards limits of unregulated pollutants emissions. Furthermore, the influences of measurement methods, automotive technology, alcohol content in the fuel, ambient temperature, test cycles and other factors on the vehicle unregulated pollutant emissions will be researched.


45. Synthesis, characterization and use of hydro treated oils and fats for engine operation
In the framework of this project two alternative diesel fuels will be studied concerning process costs, fuel characteristics and usability in modern diesel engines. On the one hand a hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) based on algae as raw material is used. The other fuel is a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) which was transesterified by special enzymes. The innovative production method which is used for enzymatic FAME (eFAME) is supposed to reduce the amount of chemicals, widen the range of raw materials and thereby decreasing the production costs. Algae has become an attractive alternative feedstock for fuels mainly due to its high yield of fuel production per-acre of land and its non-consumable character. Algae based HVO is supposed to show similar emission advantages as other HVO fuels. Combined with its benefits in cultivation and production Algae-HVO can facilitate the commercialization of HVO fuels. The goal of the project is to analyze the process costs for both fuels and to evaluate their sustainability concerning energy cost, catalyst, etc. Both Algae-HVO and eFAME will be analyzed intensively according to EN 590 (HVO) respectively EN 14214 (eFAME) with main focus on their usability as fuel. Additionally the project is interested in the fuels' purity in terms of methanol residue, free lipids or glycerol content.


46. Alcohol Application in CI Engines
The goal is to report the best possibilities for implementation of alcohols in diesel engines. One of the main objectives of the project is to secure the supply of fuels for diesel engines, in this way by focusing on sustainable biofuels in the form of alcohols. The project involves one of the main diesel engine producers in Europe and some of the most powerful research institutions and universities in Europe. The project will therefore result in worldwide frontline experiences and will have a large influence on the strategy for implementation of alternative fuels in many countries. The project will thus contribute to the achievement of many relevant political goals like supporting a sustainable energy policy, independency of fossil energy and reduced emissions, including carbon dioxide.