The IEA supports international energy technology research, development, deployment, and knowledge transfer through multilateral groups (formally called Implementing Agreements). The experts participating in the activities of the Implementing Agreements represent public and private sector entities worldwide. Together, these experts share knowledge – and resources – to advance energy technologies.
Security of supply and the need for long-term, stable energy prices could be alleviated through greater deployment of renewable energy technologies. Heat and electricity from renewable sources can reduce health and environmental impacts as well as greenhouse gas emissions. However, increased understanding of the socio-economic issues related to renewables is needed. Policies and measures to support deployment of renewable energy sources include a stable policy framework, financial and fiscal incentives, continued R&D to lower costs, educational programmes for professionals and the trades, and consumer information campaigns.
The goals of the Implementing Agreement for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment (RETD IA) are to identify the main barriers to deployment and provide advice and best practice guidance to policy makers and the private sector. This includes identifying barriers to deployment and providing best-practice solutions to remove them; offering guidance to the private sector and policy makers on innovative business strategies and projects, for example by fostering public-private partnerships; and facilitating ongoing international dialogue and public awareness of renewable energy deployment through concrete examples of deployment solutions. There are currently nine Contracting Parties.
The understanding of the economics of large-scale deployment of renewable energy technologies and the impacts on sectors of the economy is based on differing objectives and analytical tools. For this reason, the RETD IA set out to create a more structural approach aimed at gathering case studies of policy frameworks and methodologies used to estimate the effects of renewable energy use on employment.
The RETD IA EMPLOY project developed a set of coherent, consistent methodological guidelines for estimating the employment impacts of renewable energy. The main body of the report includes an overview of assessment approaches, while guidelines and case studies for each RETD IA participating country and Tunisia were synthesised in an annex to the report.
The study provided a consistent, reliable framework in which to measure employment effects from renewable energy deployment, which may be replicated from one country to another.
Policy makers are guided in their choice for the most suitable approach, depending on the policy goals to be achieved, the data availability and budget allocation. Guidelines were prepared for four different methodological approaches. The report provides insight into the basics of the methods used, the methodological issues, advantages and disadvantages of various methods, data requirements and procedures to collect the data.
Although results are difficult to compare across countries, renewable energy technologies have been shown to have a positive effect on both jobs and the economy. Based on these results, the report includes recommendations for policy makers. This project was executed in collaboration with the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).
For more information: www.iea-retd.org
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