Bioenergy power generation

Tracking Clean Energy Progress

🕐 Last updated Wednesday, 23 May 2018

Summary

In 2017, bioenergy power generation increased 10%. However, growth was lower than in previous years, and bioenergy power generation is forecast to increase by only 6% per year over the next five years. As a consequence, bioenergy needs improvement to reach its SDS electricity generation target of more than 1100 TWh by 2030.


Bioenergy power generation

Historical development and targets

	Historical	Forecast	SDS Targets
2000	132.2011		
2001	132.6842		
2002	146.0276		
2003	157.0191		
2004	172.3093		
2005	192.9179		
2006	206.979		
2007	226.5944		
2008	245.1065		
2009	266.8805		
2010	322.471		
2011	341.2177		
2012	370.8121		
2013	406.1779		
2014	445.2008		
2015	472.7326		
2016	500.2016		
2017	550.9116		
2018		584.8124	
2019		618.5176	
2020		651.8261	
2021		683.1503	
2022		713.3196288	
2025			871.7176203
2030			1109.242458
      
        {
          "chart": {
            "type": "column",
            "height": "50%"
          },
          "plotOptions": {
            "column": {
              "stacking": "normal",
              "tooltip": { "valueSuffix": " TWh", "valueDecimals": 0 }
            }
          },
          "yAxis": {
            "title": { "text": "Generation (TWh)" }
          },
          "series": [
            { "color": "#4190b2" },
            { "color": "#42c577" },
            { "color": "#ff7656" }
          ]
        }
      

In the SDS, the contribution of solid biomass for electricity to long-term climate targets in the power sector takes account of air pollution constraints.

While Europe has historically been the key source of bioenergy deployment, Asian markets are expected to drive future expansion. In Japan and Korea, bioenergy electricity generation has increased significantly since 2015, driven by co-firing with coal and generous support for dedicated biomass plants. China has raised its 13th Five-Year Plan target for bioenergy capacity and introduced a pilot programme to increase the co-firing of biomass with coal in 2017.

In Brazil, the new RenovaBio legislation is expected to increase transport biofuel production in the long term. This growth is also anticipated to increase bioenergy power generation, as ethanol producers use bagasse residues in co-generation plants that generate electricity.

Despite these positive trends, bioenergy in the power sector needs improvement to accelerate growth and become fully on track with SDS targets by 2030.