Statistics

Global energy data at your fingertips

The IEA’s Natural Gas Information includes detailed and comprehensive annual data of natural gas supply, demand and trade up to 2016, with provisional data for 2017. For OECD countries, it also contains data of gas consumption by end-use sector up to 2016 and of import and end-use prices up to 2017.

Read some highlights from the latest edition below, or download the free overview.


Natural gas production

In 2017, global natural gas production hit a new record of 3 768 billion cubic metres.

This is a 3.6% increase compared to 2016 and constitutes the largest increase since 2010. In fact, natural gas production has been rising since the economic crisis of 2009 with a compound annual growth rate of 2.6%.

Region	OECD	Non-OECD Europe/Eurasia	Middle East	Asia (including China)	Africa	non-OECD Americas
1973	876.229	273.216	25.389	17.846	9.727	22.089
1974	867.247	299.101	26.24	23.242	10.164	22.337
1975	833.689	330.621	28.453	26.651	11.948	22.449
1976	843.457	366.721	30.496	31.423	13.792	23.532
1977	857.046	394.469	33.565	38.4	14.206	25.197
1978	861.892	421.585	32.174	47.592	18.762	25.942
1979	898.54	455.048	37.934	53.308	26.676	29.399
1980	889.704	485.155	37.834	59.304	22.635	31.854
1981	879.751	513.678	44.74	58.317	24.346	32.472
1982	829.331	548.733	47.72	61.097	29.981	35.508
1983	782.274	581.637	47.497	69.157	40.566	37.924
1984	831.643	630.323	54.822	83.175	41.962	41.431
1985	818.89	683.438	58.134	89.217	46.703	42.472
1986	796.261	726.847	68.997	98.043	49.534	46.131
1987	825.442	765.888	75.698	106.256	54.345	47.182
1988	841.081	808.632	83.921	113.373	57.089	50.899
1989	860.757	830.747	95.723	120.917	63.815	54.047
1990	881.399	831.166	91.089	131.989	67.031	55.674
1991	903.419	825.588	96.225	146.154	72.907	57.505
1992	921.582	788.635	103.093	153.673	76.186	58.776
1993	958.065	775.139	114.471	161.619	78.894	59.752
1994	995.171	730.707	129.521	173.017	75.063	62.375
1995	1009.646	721.225	139.004	184.26	82.241	66.801
1996	1063.115	726.15	143.485	200.754	87.029	73.663
1997	1067.462	679.208	157.831	217.364	97.6	77.533
1998	1072.994	696.736	166.836	221.598	102.766	83.07
1999	1083.501	709.896	183.097	238.664	116.116	86.422
2000	1110.186	725.549	196.246	248.389	124.19	98.896
2001	1130.166	728.05	213.309	250.151	128.625	99.119
2002	1121.506	746.548	232.235	268.944	133.232	108.752
2003	1123.896	778.316	248.662	289.029	147.327	121.319
2004	1121.296	795.719	274.384	309.268	155.395	131.36
2005	1103.097	811.848	300.35	330.926	187.051	133.75
2006	1121.423	828.676	326.167	342.883	197.507	143.044
2007	1131.985	838.677	351.913	361.945	211.292	145.685
2008	1171.666	866.107	381.77	380.963	216.678	148.559
2009	1157.241	761.391	401.023	398.287	202.004	146.058
2010	1184.504	842.142	463.349	427.649	209.762	158.574
2011	1205.973	881.767	493.241	428.29	203.422	163.244
2012	1230.271	872.659	518.14	427.317	211.747	169.406
2013	1238.249	898.563	544.681	443.935	198.942	174.418
2014	1277.323	874.758	558.788	460.592	199.859	177.531
2015	1305.324	874.078	579.09	466.467	198.532	175.551
2016	1318.915	868.707	600.148	469.529	203.234	175.851
2017p	1348.848	919.661	619.84	482.543	215.427	182.063
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	United States	Canada	Norway	Netherlands	United Kingdom	Australia	Rest of the OECD
1960	343.492	14.151	0	0.396	0.073	0	14.021
1961	353.191	17.893	0	0.536	0.079	0	16.491
1962	370.053	24.473	0	0.589	0.114	0.001	18.253
1963	392.459	26.534	0	0.686	0.152	0.003	19.703
1964	411.655	29.587	0	0.951	0.171	0.003	21.722
1965	425.381	32.237	0	1.879	0.179	0.004	33.619
1966	456.175	34.664	0	3.634	0.173	0.004	36.299
1967	516.988	38.128	0	7.483	0.623	0.004	37.687
1968	550.133	43.302	0	14.991	2.198	0.006	43.643
1969	562.482	50.293	0	23.257	5.252	0.254	52.699
1970	594.793	57.801	0	33.503	11.253	1.441	59.715
1971	611.652	62.943	0	46.271	18.7	2.146	65.339
1972	612.043	70.682	0	61.726	26.983	3.092	71.416
1973	615.085	75.341	0	75.064	29.21	4.048	77.481
1974	586.3	72.726	0.014	89.031	35.236	4.636	79.304
1975	544.476	74.499	0.195	95.898	36.681	5.018	76.922
1976	540.539	74.395	0.327	102.703	38.962	5.365	81.166
1977	542.396	78.285	2.973	102.278	40.71	6.763	83.641
1978	541.234	75.17	14.759	93.657	38.984	7.252	90.836
1979	556.563	82.228	21.581	98.835	39.354	8.236	91.743
1980	553.539	78.118	25.973	96.214	37.457	8.852	89.551
1981	547.885	75.592	26.162	89.315	37.586	10.353	92.858
1982	506.692	77.097	25.534	76.034	38.464	11.418	94.092
1983	457.522	72.528	25.831	80.785	39.726	11.939	93.943
1984	495.374	78.911	27.375	81.54	38.628	12.478	97.337
1985	467.27	86.123	26.699	85.203	43.104	13.101	97.39
1986	455.849	81.029	28.102	78.147	45.206	14.611	93.317
1987	470.844	87.872	29.511	78.369	47.553	15.073	96.22
1988	484.687	101.21	29.778	69.253	45.787	15.708	94.658
1989	493.41	105.534	30.745	75.696	44.88	16.154	94.338
1990	506.604	109.071	27.642	76.087	49.672	20.475	91.848
1991	503.18	115.051	27.425	86.025	56.783	21.311	93.644
1992	507.206	126.196	29.419	86.392	55.627	22.789	93.953
1993	514.353	138.646	28.867	88.065	65.514	24.46	98.16
1994	534.618	150.05	30.927	83.539	69.652	26.404	99.981
1995	528.275	159.205	31.449	84.926	75.539	29.26	100.992
1996	533.665	165.114	41.294	96.114	90	30.148	106.78
1997	536.669	168.016	46.727	85.126	91.605	29.908	109.411
1998	535.711	173.026	47.598	81.2	95.549	31.054	108.856
1999	534.546	176.241	50.99	75.507	105.115	31.613	109.489
2000	544.335	181.673	53.293	73.621	115.386	32.819	109.059
2001	556.472	186.003	57.664	77.563	111.277	33.561	107.626
2002	536.394	187.279	69.358	76.21	109.211	34.97	108.084
2003	541.222	184.088	77.115	72.848	108.52	34.105	105.998
2004	526.804	183.635	80.958	85.925	101.655	34.28	108.039
2005	511.486	187.421	86.946	78.387	92.805	35.84	110.212
2006	524.295	188.4	89.276	77.39	83.889	42.701	115.472
2007	545.88	182.717	91.574	74.391	76.074	45.301	116.048
2008	571.121	176.558	104.66	85.076	73.393	47.2	113.658
2009	584.336	163.991	108.863	78.587	61.323	49.469	110.672
2010	603.857	159.929	110.353	90.305	57.941	52.651	109.468
2011	648.758	159.715	105.75	83.382	46.364	56.398	105.606
2012	680.796	155.734	119.164	82.069	39.647	54.017	98.844
2013	685.677	156.081	113.155	86.872	37.35	61.725	97.389
2014	733.431	164.103	112.877	72.451	38.766	62.642	93.053
2015	766.524	164.968	121.278	55.037	41.326	67.202	88.989
2016	755.264	174.057	120.598	53.134	41.649	86.887	87.326
2017p	760.429	184.266	128.242	46.349	42.096	105.261	82.205
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Natural gas demand

In 2017, global demand for natural gas increased by 3.2% compared to 2016, rising to 3 757 Billion cubic metres. This was the eighth consecutive year of increase.

Since 1990, global natural gas consumption has grown at an average of 6.3% per year. Consumption growth has been even stronger in China, averaging 13.1% per year over the past 20 years.

	OECD	Non-OECD Europe/Eurasia	Middle East	Asia (including China)	Africa	non-OECD Americas
1973	867.812	287.57	17.299	13.691	3.644	21.99
1974	874.485	304.621	17.766	16.912	3.996	22.305
1975	841.371	321.304	19.551	19.06	4.657	22.554
1976	877.872	346.288	21.86	21.393	5.032	24.075
1977	884.125	366.321	24.335	25.183	6.053	25.838
1978	904.363	387.035	25.691	30.239	8.165	26.721
1979	947.85	406.101	32.936	33.065	11.12	29.424
1980	938.982	434.509	35.22	34.613	14.082	31.797
1981	924.427	464.391	42.105	34.847	15.946	32.662
1982	882.934	498.899	44.74	37.353	18.829	35.808
1983	862.706	531.884	45.087	40.93	21.781	37.911
1984	924.769	571.651	51.966	45.59	22.295	41.284
1985	925.565	614.447	55.024	51.231	24.671	42.326
1986	900.701	652.366	66.366	57.125	27.818	46.189
1987	942.986	688.856	73.179	63.6	28.501	47.301
1988	972.442	718.76	81.112	68.06	30.243	51.087
1989	1013.263	752.863	92.974	73.518	33.24	54.017
1990	1034.278	761.961	86.34	83.63	35.386	54.405
1991	1069.941	766.551	90.614	94.665	37.77	56.85
1992	1088.232	721.725	99.837	101.321	39.484	58.158
1993	1132.116	688.572	111.719	107.471	42.61	58.962
1994	1158.68	637.545	125.801	119.788	43.15	61.24
1995	1216.209	610.789	132.553	129.267	44.676	66.448
1996	1279.96	608.816	136.779	139.066	45.858	75.307
1997	1310.728	581.741	147.582	153.932	48.462	78.399
1998	1317.261	579.191	157.086	162.56	49.64	82.839
1999	1354.617	593.634	167.637	173.367	54.844	83.431
2000	1406.916	597.013	174.297	182.476	57.02	90.025
2001	1390.065	604.18	186.036	197.301	64.077	90.912
2002	1430.033	609.266	201.355	211.267	68.572	94.865
2003	1444.769	637.728	213.933	231.536	75.334	102.255
2004	1470.07	646.708	233.975	251.816	78.494	110.547
2005	1481.262	653.307	253.617	272.068	89.176	116.403
2006	1488.325	662.965	276.253	293.41	94.54	121.382
2007	1544.721	675.649	299.654	312.674	101.85	125.568
2008	1562.896	678.324	327.921	336.619	102.975	137.37
2009	1518.57	623	338.43	358.129	100.971	132.774
2010	1623.811	679.796	369.043	396.806	106.485	147.172
2011	1617.893	700.341	389.996	418.347	114.72	142.021
2012	1649.314	692.431	408.258	434.809	121.789	150.45
2013	1662.425	676.734	417.183	461.463	121.464	157.494
2014	1631.735	669.326	442.626	482.614	121.888	163.444
2015	1659.453	637.144	470.787	493.001	129.294	165.552
2016	1711.416	634.147	489.205	510.988	133.509	162.01
2017p	1740.569	664.101	508.539	543.857	136.628	163.226
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Imports

Global gas trade approached 1.2 Tcm in 2017, with LNG gaining ground and accounting for 32.9% of global trade. This LNG growth is primarily attributed to the surge in LNG exports from the United States and Australia. Within the OECD, there was a substantial increase of LNG imports in 2017, with the OECD Americas seeing an increase almost exclusively due to Mexican imports from the United States.

Qatar remains the major LNG exporter for OECD countries, just ahead of Australia.

LNG imports (bcm) to OECD regions in
2016 2017


	Change 2016 - 2017 provisional
OECD Americas	6.973
OECD Asia Oceania	3.447
OECD Europe	9.594
Africa	-3.31
Non-OECD Asia (excl. China)	10.653
China	18.519
Middle East	0.512
Non-OECD Americas	-0.163
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia	-0.633
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	Japan and Korea	European Union Member States	United States
2009	9.568215298	6.24	4.52
2010	10.75883431	6.86	4.79
2011	14.14010307	9.45	5.47
2012	16.17578512	10.26	4.18
2013	15.70176509	10.6	6.67
2014	16.38579532	8.84	8.48
2015	10.61460704	6.55	7.22
2016	7.039256274	4.78	3.99
2017	7.05	5.45	4.49
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