Policy Pathways Brief: Improved Urban Transport Systems for Sustainable Cities
A clean, efficient and effective city transport system is critical to economic growth and to the health and welfare of inhabitants and workers. Yet transport users in most cities experience slow journey times, crowded transport systems and the direct and indirect impacts of inefficient and polluting vehicles.
The International Energy Agency has identified three critical factors to guide policy makers in improving city transport systems to increase efficiency while simultaneously mitigating the negative climate, noise, air pollution, congestion and economic impacts of rising urban transport volumes.
Policy pathway to improving urban transport systems:
- Use an "avoid, shift and improve" approach. Set clear long-term transport policy objectives before deciding on the mix of energy efficiency policies that best suit the urban context.
- Ensure policy proposals reflect broad transport, economic, social and environmental needs by engaging with a broad range of interested stakeholders to develop and implement policy responses. Such stakeholder engagement will also improve public acceptance of policy changes and initiatives.
- Implementation of efficient transport policies can require significant planning, technical, institutional, and financial resources. Identifying and securing these resources, including through partnership opportunities is critical to delivering service improvements and energy efficiency objectives.
The full Policy Pathway offers guidance on improving the energy efficiency of urban transport systems and provides case studies from around the world. The report can be downloaded here