Year:2009 (last amended 2017)
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2009 (last amended 2017)
Date Amended:

2014; 2017;

Policy Type:Economic Instruments>Fiscal/financial incentives>Feed-in tariffs/premiums, Policy Support, Economic Instruments>Direct investment
Policy Target:Wind>Onshore, Bioenergy>Biomass for power, Geothermal, Hydropower, Multiple RE Sources>Power, Solar>Solar photovoltaic
Policy Sector:Electricity
Size of Plant Targeted:Small and Large
Agency:Swissgrid (Transmission System Operator)
Legal References:Energy Act (EnG / LEne); Energy Ordinance (EnV / OEne)
Funding:Grid Surcharge, cap at 1.5 Swiss cent/kWh

Promotion System (instruments):
Feed-in tariff at cost is the main instrument that was introduced 2009 by the federal government for promoting electricity production from renewable energy sources. It covers the difference between the production cost and the market price, and guarantees producers of electricity from renewable sources a price that corresponds to their production costs.The cost covering feed-in tariff (FiT) is available for the following technologies:

  • hydropower (installed capacity up to 10 megawatts);
  • photovoltaics (installed capacity from 10 kilowatt);
  • wind energy;
  • geothermal energy;
  • biomass and biological waste.

Small photovoltaics plants are being promoted from 2014 with investment aids. 

The tariffs for power from renewable sources are based on reference power plants for each technology and output category. The tariff is applicable for 20 years (10 years for biomass infrastructure power plants). In view of technological progress and the increasing degree of market maturity of new technologies, the tariff rates are subject to a regular review. Reductions only apply to new production facilities that are put into operation.

Promotion System (funding):
The promotion system is financed by a grid surcharge for renewable energies, which is capped by law at 1.5 Swiss cent/kWh (900 million Swiss Francs). Due to the great demand and the limited amount of funds, there is a long waiting list.

Other Measures:
Besides the FiT and the investment aids, there are other measures that are financed by the grid surcharge:

  • Hydropower remediation aims at compensating the costs of remediation measures to be implemented by existing hydropower plants to prevent or eliminate the effects of hydropeaking and change of bed load budget or to insure passability for migrant fish. (Funding: 0.1 Swiss cent/kWh - 60 million Swiss Francs)
  • Tenders for energy efficiency supporting electricity efficiency measures in the industry as well as in private households. (Funding: 5% of the grid surcharge)

The amendment to the Energy Act entered into force on 1 January 2014. The amendment was initiated by a Parliamentary Initiative (Number 12.400).

The latest amendment was on 1 January 2017; the high voltage grid surcharge was raised to CHF 0.015 per kWh transmitted. Feed-in tariffs for PV are lowered as are one-off investment contributions to PV and small hydro installations. 

Last modified: Wed, 10 May 2017 17:20:08 CEST