|Policy status:||In Force|
|Policy Type:||Regulatory Instruments|
|Policy Target:||Resilience / Adaptation|
|Agency:||The Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning|
Physical planning measures are primarily governed by the Planning and Building Act (PBA). Many such measures, as well as major infrastructure projects regulated by the Roads Act and the Railway Construction Act, are also subject to some of the provisions of the Environmental Code. Growing attention has been paid to the impact of development of the built environment on energy and transport demand, and to the need for greater coordination of infrastructure, transport and settlement planning. The Government Bill proposing a new Planning and Building Act also emphasized the important role municipal spatial planning has to play in addressing climate change, and the need for physical planning to be better coordinated with infrastructure planning.
The earlier PBA did not include an express requirement to take climate into account, other than its provision that planning and siting decisions were to be taken with due consideration for the risks of accidents, flooding and erosion. The new Act (SFS 2010:900), which came into force on 2 May 2011, introduced a new requirement to take account of environmental and climate aspects in planning. The purpose of this addition, according to the Bill, is to promote good environmental conditions both by means of adaptation to climate change and by reducing human impact on climate and thereby helping to achieve the environmental quality objective Reduced Climate Impact. The new PBA also made it mandatory to consider inter-municipal and regional circumstances in planning. Here, too, a link can be found between transport issues and physical planning
Last modified: Fri, 13 Mar 2015 12:46:27 CET