|Policy status:||In Force|
|Policy Type:||Policy Support>Strategic planning|
|Policy Target:||Transport, Buildings, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation, Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy, Industry, Resilience / Adaptation|
|Agency:||Ministry of Natural Resources|
|Legal References:||Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation(approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 17, 2009 N 861-p); Directive No. 730-p of the Government of the Russian Federation. Comprehensive Implementation Plan of the Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020, 25 April 2011.|
The Climate Change Doctrine of the Russian Federation was adopted on 17 December 2009.
The Doctrine serves as a foundation for the development and implementation of future climate policy, covering issues related to climate change and its consequences. The Doctrine is based on fundamental and applied scientific knowledge, including various studies carried out within the Russian Federation, and is a political document recognising the challenges and issues surrounding climate change. The Doctrine will serve as a blueprint to harmonise domestic climate-related legislation with international standards, improve climate monitoring, stimulate the adoption of stronger environmental standards, the adoption of energy-efficiency and energy-saving measures, as well as greater use of alternative (including renewable) energy sources.
Under the Doctrine Russia will aim to reduce the share of energy generated from natural gas to 46% or 47% by 2030 (from more than 50% currently) while doubling the capacities of nuclear power plants. It will also limit the burning of gas produced from oil wells, and increase the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources to: 1.5% by 2010, 2.5% by 2015 and 4.5% by 2020.
The Doctrine outlines the strategic goal of climate policy as achieving secure and sustainable development. It underlines four areas for climate policy going forward:
In terms of mitigation, the Doctrine foresees the development and implementation of measures:
Research and development in energy efficiency, renewable energy, environmentally friendly technology and GHG sink technologies are to be expanded.
Actions that will be undertaken to develop and implement policy are also outlined:
The Doctrine states that climate policy will be implemented on the basis of action plans, at a federal, regional and sectoral level. Federal authorities will be responsible for the development of fiscal and financial incentives for technology development and deployment, including energy-efficient and energy-saving technologies as well as renewable energy technologies, across various industrial and other sectors. It will also be responsible for developing a national GHG inventory along with regional authorities. Enterprises will be responsible for implementing measures to improve the energy efficiency of thermal and electric power, vehicles, and buildings, as well as facilities. They will also implement measures to increase the share of alternative (including non-carbon) energy sources.
As part of the implementation of this doctrine, the »Comprehensive Plan for Implementing the Russian Federation’s Climate Doctrine for the Period until 2020« was adopted by a government decree in 2011. The Plan suggests that the Ministry of Economic Development introduce changes into Russia’s long-term macroeconomic forecasts »taking into account climate risks, mitigation of anthropogenic impacts on the climate, and adaptation to climate change«,13 as well as specifying actions in different sectors of the economy, time periods and agencies responsible for their realisation. It suggests, among other things, measures for increasing energy
|Related policies:||Comprehensive Plan of Implementing the Russian Federation’s Climate Doctrine for the Period until 2020|
Last modified: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 11:28:49 CEST