Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2009
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Energy Efficiency Policy Targets:Transport
Climate Change Policy Targets:Transport, Buildings, Energy Sector, Electricity Generation, Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy, Industry, Resilience / Adaptation
Agency:Ministry of Natural Resources
Legal References:Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation(approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 17, 2009 N 861-p); Directive No. 730-p of the Government of the Russian Federation. Comprehensive Implementation Plan of the Climate Doctrine of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020, 25 April 2011.
Climate Change Description:

The Climate Change Doctrine of the Russian Federation was adopted on 17 December 2009.

The Doctrine serves as a foundation for the development and implementation of future climate policy, covering issues related to climate change and its consequences. The Doctrine is based on fundamental and applied scientific knowledge, including various studies carried out within the Russian Federation, and is a political document recognising the challenges and issues surrounding climate change. The Doctrine will serve as a blueprint to harmonise domestic climate-related legislation with international standards, improve climate monitoring, stimulate the adoption of stronger environmental standards, the adoption of energy-efficiency and energy-saving measures, as well as greater use of alternative (including renewable) energy sources.



Under the Doctrine Russia will aim to reduce the share of energy generated from natural gas to 46% or 47% by 2030 (from more than 50% currently) while doubling the capacities of nuclear power plants. It will also limit the burning of gas produced from oil wells, and increase the share of electricity produced from renewable energy sources to: 1.5% by 2010, 2.5% by 2015 and 4.5% by 2020.


The Doctrine outlines the strategic goal of climate policy as achieving secure and sustainable development. It underlines four areas for climate policy going forward:

  1. Improving research to better understand the climate system and
  2. Enhancing research focuesed on assessment of the future impacts and risks related to the climate change;
  3. Developing and implementing short- and long-term measures for mitigation and adaption; and
  4. Engagement with the international community.

In terms of mitigation, the Doctrine foresees the development and implementation of measures:

  1. to enhance energy efficiency across the economy;
  2. expand use of renewable and alternative energy sources;
  3. reduce market distortions and implement financial and fiscal policy to encourage mitigation;
  4. protect and improve carbon sinks.

Research and development in energy efficiency, renewable energy, environmentally friendly technology and GHG sink technologies are to be expanded.

Actions that will be undertaken to develop and implement policy are also outlined:

  1. Establishing legal and regulatory frameworks;
  2. developing economic mechanisms to support the implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions measures (including the possible use of market mechanisms);
  3. increasing the scientific and other knowledge, as well as personnel needed, to support implementation of actions (observation systems, impact assessments, methodology development, training, etc.);
  4. cooperating internationally regarding adaptation and mitigation measures.

The Doctrine states that climate policy will be implemented on the basis of action plans, at a federal, regional and sectoral level. Federal authorities will be responsible for the development of fiscal and financial incentives for technology development and deployment, including energy-efficient and energy-saving technologies as well as renewable energy technologies, across various industrial and other sectors. It will also be responsible for developing a national GHG inventory along with regional authorities. Enterprises will be responsible for implementing measures to improve the energy efficiency of thermal and electric power, vehicles, and buildings, as well as facilities. They will also implement measures to increase the share of alternative (including non-carbon) energy sources.

As part of the implementation of this doctrine, the  »Comprehensive Plan for Implementing the Russian Federation’s Climate Doctrine for the Period until 2020« was adopted by a government decree in 2011. The Plan suggests that the Ministry of Economic Development introduce changes into Russia’s long-term macroeconomic forecasts »taking into account climate risks, mitigation of anthropogenic impacts on the climate, and adaptation to climate change«,13 as well as specifying actions in different sectors of the economy, time periods and agencies responsible for their realisation. It suggests, among other things, measures for increasing energy 
efficiency, the production of hybrid cars and usage of alternative and hydrogen-based fuels, the building of »passive houses« (with zero energy consumption), and the introduction of a domestic greenhouse gas emissions trading system. The plan has yet to provide the necessary funding and other resources.


Reference document:

Resource Efficiency Gains and Green Growth Perspectives in Russia

Related policies:Comprehensive Plan of Implementing the Russian Federation’s Climate Doctrine for the Period until 2020

Last modified: Wed, 26 Aug 2015 11:28:49 CEST