|Policy status:||In Force|
|Policy Type:||Regulatory Instruments>Obligation schemes|
|Policy Target:||Transport, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable>Bioenergy|
|Agency:||Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment|
Since 1 January 2007, petrol and diesel producers and suppliers, such as oil companies and traders are obliged deliver a certain percentage (in terms of energy value) of their petrol and diesel sales in the Netherlands in the form of biofuels. In 2007 this amount was 2%, rising to 3.25% in 2008. The target for 2009 had been 4.5%, rising to 5.75% in 2010. In October 2008, the Act was modified to change the 2009 and 2010 targets. These were reduced to 3.75% and 4% respectively. This is partly to allow for rules on the sustainability of biofuels to be elaborated. Categories of biofuels that do not meet minimum sustainability criteria may be excluded under ministerial regulations. The percentages do not exclusively refer to blending of biofuels with conventional fuel, but a percentage of their sales in terms of energy value. Pure biofuels also count towards the requirement, provided the necessary market share is achieved. The requirement can also be traded between suppliers. Petrol and diesel manufacturers must be able to prove (via their company accounts) that they have met their biofuel obligations. These can show the amounts of biofuels purchased, the amounts in stock at the beginning and end of the year, and the amounts sold or transferred to other suppliers. The requirement can also be traded between suppliers, where those that blend or sell biofuels amounts above the requirement can sell these to suppliers that are unable to meet the requirement. Proof of the transaction is provided through bio-tickets that take the form of a contract between a buyer and a seller.
The Renewable energy directive of the EC (EC, 2009) endorses a minimum mandatory target of 10 % to be achieved by all Member States for the share of renewable sources (not just biofuels) in transport petrol and diesel consumption by 2020. To contribute to achieving this target fuel suppliers in the Netherlands are imposed with the legal obligations to blend their transport fuels with a certain share of sustainable biofuels (Stb, 2011) :
• in 2011 a share of 4.25%;
• in 2012 a share of 4.5%;
• in 2013 a share of 5%;
• in 2014 a share of 5.5%.
For biofuels to be allowed to count towards the target they must meet certain sustainability criteria. Contribution made by biofuels produced from wastes, residues, non-food cellulosic material, and ligno-cellulosic material are considered to be twice that made by other biofuels. Policies to stimulate the uptake of biofuels already started back in 2003. Following the European Biofuels Directive 2003 (2003/30/EC) the Netherlands introduced legislation to stimulate the consumption of biofuels. In 2006 a partial exemption of fuel taxes was introduced for imported biofuels. Since 1 January 2007 fuel suppliers are imposed with an obligation to blend their sold transport fuels with a certain percentage (on an energy basis) of biofuels. [The 'Besluit hernieuwbare energie vervoer'follows up the 'Besluit biobrandstoffen wegverkeer' ]
Last modified: Tue, 09 Apr 2013 13:42:53 CEST