Policy status:Ended
Date Effective:2007
Policy Type:
Policy Target:Multi-Sectoral Policy, Transport
Agency:The Government of India, The Planning Commission

Economic and social development in India is guided by Five Year Plans, which are developed by the Planning Commission and implemented by various ministries and agencies. In 2007, the 11th Five Year Plan was developed and includes goals to reduce energy intensity with respect to greenhouse gas emissions by 20% from the period 07–08 to 2016–17 , and increase energy efficiency by 20%.

Introduced in 2007, the Eleventh Five Year Plan of India focuses mainly on three underlying themes:


  • Volume I: Inclusive Growth
  • Volume II: Social Sector
  • Volume III: Agriculture,  Rural Development, Industry, Services and Physical Infrastructure


Within these overarching theme the plan focuses on a number of subsectors and issues of the following nature:


  • Income and Poverty
  • Education
  • Health
  • Infrastructure
  • Growth
  • Rural development 
  • Water Management - provide drinkeable water for all by 2009
  • Integrated Energy Planning (RE, Fossil Fuels, Biofuels)
  • Efficiency, and Power Sector Reforms

Enclosed in Volume III is the sector on ENERGY. In it several directives include:


  • expand resource exploration
  • energy efficiency
  • renewables - wind, biomass, and biofuels must increase 2-3%
  • R&D - in situ gasification, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), solar energy, energy storage
  • fossil fuel reserves - increase the use of enhanced recovery techniques
  • Promotion of institutions from supply driven to demand driven
  • Power generation - 78577MW of added capacity; composed of commissioned, under construction, and new
  • Totals of these energy sources include central, state, and private entities:


  1. Hydro-16553MW
  2. Thermal-58644MW
  3. Nuclear-3380MW

Policy Initiatives:


  • streamline capacity building
  • enable merchant power plants which could be in the size of 1000MW for adequate power is available
  • coal blocks should be offered on a competitive tariff base
  • a National Security Electricity Fund should be set up
  • The careful procurement of Oil and Gas abroad



This record is superseded by:Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012–2017): Faster, More Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Last modified: Thu, 01 Jun 2017 15:43:24 CEST