The German government approved a new climate package of measures in June 2008, that are a legal transposition of the Integrated Climate and Energy Programme, aiming at reducing CO2 emissions by 40 percent by 2020 compared to 1990 levels.
In December 2007, fourteen draft laws were passed addressing most of the priorities in an ambitious national climate and energy programme agreed on in August 2007. Major provisions include:
An increase in truck tolls, now linked to pollution. Under the deal, the most polluting trucks would pay tolls of EUR 28 cents per km and the cleanest trucks EUR 14 cents. The average toll would rise to EUR 16.2 cents from EUR 13.5 cents under the new rules, raising an additional EUR 850 million for the government in 2009.
Energy-related requirements for new homes and fully renovated older homes have been tightened, so as to use 30% less energy from 2009. The package establishes rules on the replacement of central heating boilers, new standards for windows and the isolation of building facades. Chimney sweeps will be charged with enforcing the new rules and reporting violations to authorities.
At least 70% of heating costs are to related to individual consumption. Up till now, these were tied equally to consumption and apartment size in multi-family houses and aparment buildings. In addition, "intelligent" electricity and gas meters are to be installed on a voluntary basis.
Construction of an 850 km underground grid to transport offshore wind energy to the countrys south has been approved.
Low-carbon research and development: The German government will allocate EUR 400 million from sales of carbon allowances in the EU emission trading market invest in low-carbon projects. Projects cover areas such as refrigeration technology and biomass research. Nearly three quarters will be allocated to projects in Germany.
In June 2008, a second package of measures was passed. The central element of the plan is to double electricity generated by combined heat and power technology (CHP) to 25 per cent. The share of renewable electricity will also be increased to 20 per cent, especially through subsidising off-shore wind farm development. Other elements include a requirement for all buildings built after 2008 to have a component of heating generated from renewable sources. The market for consumer energy consumption metering (smart meters) will also be liberalised. The second package of June 2008 included:
Reform of the Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV);
Reform of the Vehicle Tax to a pollutant and CO2 basis;
Amendment to the Energy Industry Act to support expansion of the electricity grid;
Amendment to the Passenger Car Energy Consumption Labelling Ordinance;
Ordinance on the liberalisation of metering and implementation of the Energy Services Directive;