Country:Finland
Year:2005
Policy status:Superseded
Jurisdiction:National
Date Effective:2005
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Multiple RE Sources>All, Multiple RE Sources
Policy Sector:Framework Policy
Agency:Ministry of Trade and Industry;
URL:http://www.un.org/esa/agenda21/natlinfo/countr/finland/energy.pdf
URL:http://www.tem.fi
Description:

Due to changes in the operating environment, mainly due to the EU Directive on emission trading and the Kyoto mechanisms, the guidelines of the Finnish energy and climate policy were revised. This work was completed in November 2005, when the Finnish government submitted its long term strategy on energy and climate for parliamentary review in a document entitled Energy and Climate Policy Outline for the Near Future: National Strategy to Implement the Kyoto Protocol.

The strategy described the changes that had taken place in the international operating environment, and presented the governments objectives for energy and climate policy. The report specified how the government planned to meet international and domestic requirements for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, including its emissions target for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, such as through investment in renewable energy sources, energy conservation and the physical and purchased reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

According to projected energy consumption trends up til 2025 that were outlined in the strategy, the diversity of the Finnish energy system and the security of supply are to be preserved, or even improved. Moreover, the volume of indigenous energy sources, and their share of total energy consumption, is to increase during the period 2005 - 2025.

The share of renewable energy sources is projected to increase markedly: on the whole, the share of bioenergy will also rise. Imported energy is to account for a smaller percentage of total consumption, mainly due to the substantial fall in the amounts of coal and oil used. 

The Strategy has a number of objectives as regards renewables:

  • Increasing the consumption of renewable energy by one-fourth by 2015 and by at least 40% by 2025, such that renewable energy accounts for almost one-third of primary energy by 2025;
  • Increasing the use of forestry chips, energy crop-derived biomass, biogas and small-scale wood facilities by approximately 65% by 2015 and by about 80% by 2025, as compared to 2003;
  • Having renewable energy account for 31.5% of total Finnish power consumption in 2010;
  • Having biofuels account for 5.75% of road transport fuels in 2010.
Amended:

The strategy was revised in 2008 (see superseding entry: "Long-term Climate and Energy Strategy").

This record is superseded by:Long-term Climate and Energy Strategy
This record supersedes:National Climate Strategy

Last modified: Fri, 12 Jul 2013 15:07:48 CEST