Country:European Union
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2009
Policy Type:Regulatory Instruments, Regulatory Instruments>Monitoring
Policy Target:Carbon Capture Storage
Agency:European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport
Description:On 6 April 2009 the EU Council of Ministers adopted the final texts of the energy and climate change package negotiated in December 2008. The package aims to meet the EUs goal of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission levels 20% from 1990 levels by 2020. It comprises six legislative texts, covering: a revision of the EU emissions trading scheme (ETS); emissions reduction targets for sectors outside the ETS; a framework for carbon capture and storage (CCS); fuel quality standards; CO2 emission limits for new passenger cars; and the promotion of renewable energy sources. The Directive on the geological storage of carbon dioxide is intended to provide a regulatory framework allowing the environmentally safe deployment of CCS technology within the EU, which was previously lacking. The directive removes barriers to CCS existing in other EU Directives, and adds it to the scope of certain others. The directive establishes criteria for the assessment of storage sites, for authorisation procedures and for the closure of such sites. Carbon dioxide storage requires a permit issued by a competent authority, once it is shown there is no significant risk of leakage. Permits are also to be reviewed by the competent authority after five years, and then every 10 years. A detailed monitoring plan, both prior to and during operation, and a corrective measures plan required in case of leakage. A post-provisional closure plan is also required, to be updated as knowledge develops. Reporting and inspection of sites occur at least once a year. After site closure, liability can be transferred to a competent authority once evidence indicates the CO2 is permanently and completely contained, generally after no less than 20 years. The competent authority must continue with monitoring to detect irregularities and leakage. In addition, member states are encouraged to provide access to transport networks and storage, unless technical or capacity issues prevent this. The Directive will be reviewed in 2015, which will include a review of mandatory emissions performance standards to stimulate CCS. Member states must transpose the directive with two years of its publication in the Official Journal.

Last modified: Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:52:58 CEST