Country:European Union
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2009
Policy Type:Regulatory Instruments>Other mandatory requirements
Policy Target:Energy Sector>Distribution/Storage, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Renewable
Agency:European Commission Directorate-General for Energy and Transport
Description:On 6 April 2009 the EU Council of Ministers adopted the final texts of the energy and climate change package negotiated in December 2008. The package aims to meet the EUs goal of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission levels 20% from 1990 levels by 2020. It comprises six legislative texts, covering: a revision of the EU emissions trading scheme (ETS); emissions reduction targets for sectors outside the ETS; a framework for carbon capture and storage (CCS); fuel quality standards; CO2 emission limits for new passenger cars; and the promotion of renewable energy sources. The new 2009 Directive on promotion of renewable energy sources repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC aims to achieve by 2020 a 20% share of energy from renewable sources in the EUs final consumption of energy and a 10% share of energy from renewable sources in each member states transport energy consumption. The directive sets for each member state a mandatory national target for the overall share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy, taking account of countries different starting points. The 10% target for the transport sector is set at the same level for each member state, for reasons of transport fuel availability and consistency in specifications. The directive establishes sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids, ensuring these can be counted as renewable energy for the purposes of the directive only when it can be guaranteed that they meet criteria which relate inter alia to biodiversity, the protection of rare, threatened or endangered species and ecosystems, and greenhouse gas emission savings. The new directive also lays down rules relating to statistical transfers between member states, joint projects between member states and with third countries, guarantees of origin, administrative procedures, information and training, and access to the electricity grid for energy from renewable sources. Member states must develop and adopt a national renewable energy action plan, establishing targets for the share of renewable energy in transport, electricity, heating and cooling in 2020 and setting out the means of achieving the targets. Action plans must be notified to the Commission by June 2010. Transposition of the directive into national law is required within 18 months of its publication in the Official Journal of the EU.

Last modified: Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:44:18 CEST