Country:European Union
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2002
Date Amended:

Recast 2010

Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning, Regulatory Instruments, Information and Education>Advice/Aid in Implementation, Information and Education>Performance Label>Comparison label
Policy Target:Buildings>Building Type>Residential, Lighting, Residential Appliances>Ventilation, Buildings>Building Type>Non-residential, Buildings>Building Type>Industrial
Agency:European Commission, DG Energy and Transport
Legal References:DIRECTIVE 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings

In December 2002 the European Parliament and the Council adopted a directive on the energy performance of buildings (2002/91/EC). With the object to improve energy efficiency in buildings across the European Community, the Directive involves: - the general framework for a methodology of calculation of the integrated energy performance of buildings; - the application of minimum requirements on the energy performance of new buildings; - the application of minimum requirements on the energy performance of large existing buildings that are subject to major renovation; - energy certification of buildings; and - regular inspection of boilers and of air-conditioning systems in buildings and in addition an assessment of the heating installation in which the boilers are more than 15 years old. Member States of the European Union were mandated to transpose the first three provisions of the Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings before 4 January 2006. For the last two provisions, due to the challenges facing Member States as regards training and accreditation of experts to carry out the certifications and inspections - a further grace period of up to three years (i.e. until January 4, 2009) was allowed. 1. The methodology of calculation of energy performances of buildings shall include at least the following aspects: (a) thermal characteristics of the building (shell and internal partitions, etc.). These characteristics may also include air-tightness; (b) heating installation and hot water supply, including their insulation characteristics; (c) air-conditioning installation; (d) ventilation; (e) built-in lighting installation (mainly the non-residential sector); (f) position and orientation of buildings, including outdoor climate; (g) passive solar systems and solar protection; (h) natural ventilation; (i) indoor climatic conditions, including the designed indoor climate. 2. The positive influence of the following aspects shall, where relevant in this calculation, be taken into account: (a) active solar systems and other heating and electricity systems based on renewable energy sources; (b) electricity produced by CHP; (c) district or block heating and cooling systems; (d) natural lighting. 3. For the purpose of this calculation buildings should be adequately classified into categories such as: (a) single-family houses of different types; (b) apartment blocks; (c) offices; (d) education buildings; (e) hospitals; (f) hotels and restaurants; (g) sports facilities; (h) wholesale and retail trade services buildings; (i) other types of energy-consuming buildings. As of April 2008, the Commission has initiated 17 infringement cases against Member States that have failed completely or partially to notify national implementing measures or properly to implement the EPBD. Of these, two countries have been referred to the Court of Justice, and against one there has been already a ruling in favour of the Commission. Some of the challenges arising out of implementation of the current EPBD has led to discussions on its recasting, with options falling into three broad categories: - Simplifying and clarifying the text to facilitate implementation; - Thresholds which cover the appropriate proportion of buildings and installations; - Strengthening certain requirements. A public consultation on the recasting of the EPBD has been launched by the Commission. The closing date to submit opinions and input is 20 June 2008.

This record supersedes:Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Last modified: Wed, 31 May 2017 17:59:24 CEST