Country:Denmark
Year:1980s
Policy status:In Force
Jurisdiction:National
Date Effective:1980s
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Energy Efficiency Policy Targets:Buildings, Residential Appliances, Space heating, Residential Appliances, Space cooling
Renewable Energy Policy Targets:Multiple RE Sources, CHP
Policy Sector:Multi-sectoral Policy
Energy Efficiency Description:

Since the early 1980s, only power plants with the ability to perform CHP and to supply heat to the district heating networks ahve been commissioned. This was motivated by environmental concerns and the wish to encourage energy efficiency. Construction of new electricity generating capacity must be justified by the need for new heat production capacity. District heat accounts for approximately 50% of Denmarks heat demand, compared to 30% in 1980. The average connection rate in district heating areas is 82% and is still increasing. The district heating network supplies heat not only to large consumers, apartment blocks and institutions but also to a large extent to modern single-family houses. In 1996 average distribution losses were 20%. In 1999, almost 80% of all district heat was produced from CHP plants, up from just under 40% in 1980. In 1999, almost 50% of electricity generation was from CHP, compared to just under 20% in 1980. Twelve of the 14 largest power stations in Denmark deliver all or part of their surplus heat to a district heating network. Nearly all large-scale power plants are located close to major cities. This and the fact that 80% of the population lives in urban areas allowed the combined development of district heating and CHP. The conditions for industrial CHP were less favourable as Danish industry is dominated by small and medium-sized companies with relatively low energy demand. Ten major cities now have city-wide district heating systems where almost all of the heat (95 to 98%) is produced in large coal-fired or gas-fired CHP plants and waste incineration plants, with a number of small oil-fired or gas-fired heat-only units for peak-load and emergency.

Renewable Energy Description:

Since the early 1980s, only power plants with the ability to perform CHP and to supply heat to the district heating networks ahve been commissioned. This was motivated by environmental concerns and the wish to encourage energy efficiency. Construction of new electricity generating capacity must be justified by the need for new heat production capacity. District heat accounts for approximately 50% of Denmarks heat demand, compared to 30% in 1980. The average connection rate in district heating areas is 82% and is still increasing. The district heating network supplies heat not only to large consumers, apartment blocks and institutions but also to a large extent to modern single-family houses. In 1996 average distribution losses were 20%. In 1999, almost 80% of all district heat was produced from CHP plants, up from just under 40% in 1980. In 1999, almost 50% of electricity generation was from CHP, compared to just under 20% in 1980. Twelve of the 14 largest power stations in Denmark deliver all or part of their surplus heat to a district heating network. Nearly all large-scale power plants are located close to major cities. This and the fact that 80% of the population lives in urban areas allowed the combined development of district heating and CHP. The conditions for industrial CHP were less favourable as Danish industry is dominated by small and medium-sized companies with relatively low energy demand. Ten major cities now have city-wide district heating systems where almost all of the heat (95 to 98%) is produced in large coal-fired or gas-fired CHP plants and waste incineration plants, with a number of small oil-fired or gas-fired heat-only units for peak-load and emergency.

Related policies:Heat Supply Act

Last modified: Mon, 12 May 2014 16:20:00 CEST