Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2017
Policy Type:Policy Support, Economic Instruments
Policy Target:Energy Sector, Energy Sector>CHP, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation, Energy Sector>Electricity Generation>Fossil fuels (Coal, gas, oil), Energy Sector>Energy Efficiency / Demand Reduction, Framework/ Multi-sectoral Policy, Industry, Industry>Energy-intensive, Resilience / Adaptation, Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs)
Agency:National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)

On 25 April 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and National Energy Administration (NEA) publicly released a strategic paper on “Energy Supply and Consumption Revolution Strategy (2016-2030)”, which sets out the main overall targets and strategies of Chinese energy sector for 2030. This document sets a pathway beyond the 13th Five Year Plan for energy (2016-2020).

•The document is an initiative by NDRC instead of NEA

◦The document was prepared by the Department of Basic Industries of NDRC, NEA was only involved in reviewing of the document.

◦The document was finalized in December 2016, and was publically distributed recently.


The document essentially recalls existing targets for 2020…:

◦Primary energy consumption should be controlled within 5 billion tonnes of coal equivalent (tce),

◦Non-fossil fuel in the energy mix should be higher than 15%,

◦Energy consumption per unit of GDP falls by 15% compared to 2015,

◦Carbon emission per unit of GDP decreases by 18% compared to 2015,

◦Energy self-sufficiency rate should be above 80%.


•…But also sets up new targets for 2030:

◦Primary energy consumption should be controlled within 6 billion tce,

◦Non-fossil fuel in the energy mix should be higher than 20%,

◦Natural gas should account for more than 15% of the mix,

◦Non-fossil power generation account for more than 50% of total power generation,

◦Ultra-low polluting coal-fired power plant shall represent more than 80% of the fleet,

◦In parallel, new energy demand should mostly be met by clean energy.


The document also recalls China’s climate change commitments (INDCs) by 2030:

◦CO2 emission peak around 2030 or earlier,

◦Carbon emission per unit of GDP decreases by 60-65% compared with 2005.

    Unit 2010 2015 2020 Growth rate(%) Type
Air quality Share of ‘good’ air quality days %   76.7% >80%   Mandatory
Decrease of PM 2.5 for cities which did not achieve targets  %     -18%   Mandotary
Decrease of serious air pollution days in main cities days     25 days    Indicative
Air pollutants  Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) %     -10%   Mandatory
SO2 %     -15%   Mandatory
NOX %     -15%   Mandatory

Energy governance

The document includes a section on international governance which highlights the need to:

◦Actively participate in the international organisations reform process

◦Actively take up international responsibilities


Vision towards 2050

By 2050, primary energy consumption should be stable, with more than half coming from non-fossil energy.

By 2050, China shall also become an “important participant” of international energy governance.


The Table of Contents is as below:

1. Grasping energy development megatrend, thoroughly understanding the pressing need of energy revolution

2. Comprehensive realization of modernization, clarification of strategic targets of energy revolution

3. Promoting energy consumption revolution, achieve conservation and high efficiency

4. Promoting energy supply revolution, establish clean and low carbon new (energy) system

5. Promoting energy technology revolution, seize high ground of science and technology development

6. Promoting energy governance revolution, push forward modernization of governance framework

7. Strengthening comprehensive international cooperation, create a shared future of global energy

8. Improving general emergency preparedness capacity, have the initiative of energy security

9. Implementing key strategic actions, push forward breakthroughs in key fields

10. Effectively strengthen organizational management, ensure full realization of strategic targets

Last modified: Fri, 19 May 2017 17:13:14 CEST