Year:2013 (November)
Policy status:In Force
Date Effective:2013 (November)
Policy Type:Policy Support>Strategic planning
Policy Target:Resilience / Adaptation
Agency:The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)

Following the enactment of China's Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China for the decomposition of CO2 emissions per capita GDP reduction to all provinces, the NDRC in 2013 formulated assessment measures for the greenhouse gas emission control target. This entailed deeper implementation of the 5-year plan and capacity-building development.

This Strategy specifies the guiding thoughts and principles in adapting to climate change on a national level by 2020.

The Strategy covers seven areas as infrastructure, health, tourism, water, coastal region, forest, agriculture and has several main objectives:

  • Improving management systems and working mechanisms
  • Promoting legislation
  • Adjusting industrial structure
  • Optimizing Energy Structure
  • Conserving Energy and Improving Energy Efficiency
  • Increasing Forest Carbon Sinks
  • Disaster prevention and mitigation
  • Developing low-carbon pilot projects in local municipalities
  • Deepening cooperation with developing counties.

The commitment to climate change is found in the context of the Doha Climate Change Conference and the priority of including ecological development and incorporate  it into the  "five-in-one" arrangement for socialism with Chinese characteristics with a focus on promoting green, cyclical  and low-carbon development.

Summary of climate change directives:

To mitigate climate change China is:

(I) Adjusting industrial structure

  • Promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional industry.
  • Accelerating the elimination of backward production capacity.
  • Boosting the development of strategic emerging industries.
  • Vigorously developing the service industry.

(II) Energy conservation and improving energy efficiency

  • Strengthening the management and appraisal work regarding energy conservation.
  • Enhancing energy-saving assessments and inspections.
  • Accelerating the implementation of key energy conservative projects.
  • Further improving energy efficiency standard and labeling scheme.
  • Promoting energy conservative technologies and products.
  • Speed up the development of circular economy.
  • Boosting energy conservation in the construction sector.
  • Promoting energy conservation in the field of transportation.

(III) Optimizing the energy structure

  • Strictly controlling total coal consumption
  • Continuing to promote the clean use of fossil energy.
  • Actively developing non-fossil energy.

(IV) Controlling emission from non-energy activity

(V) Increasing carbon sink

  • Further implementing the action plan for the forestry to adapt to climate change.
  • Increasing the area of forest carbon sinks.

Also, China has taken positive action to boot the capabilities of monitoring the impact of climate change and to improve the capabilities to deal with extreme weather and climate events. All these efforts have lessened the negative impact of climate change on economic and social development, production and people’s lives.

For climate change adaptation key intrest areas are:

(I) Infrastructure

(II) Agriculture

(III) Water Resources

(IV) Coastal Areas

(V) Ecosystem

(VI) Public Health




Related policies:China's Policies and Actions on Climate Change(2014)

Last modified: Fri, 19 May 2017 16:35:49 CEST