There is a clear link between a lack of access and gender, as women and children are disproportionately impacted by a lack of access to energy. Women tend to bear the responsibility for collecting and preparing fuel for cooking as well as cooking itself. Our analysis shows that women in households without access to modern energy dedicate on average 1.4 hours a day collecting wood. This high reliance on biomass for cooking not only impacts their physical heath, as the loads they carry are heavy, but also represents time used that could be allocated towards other means, including education, economic opportunity and leisure.
Women also spend several hours each day cooking using traditional stoves, and are thereby the most impact by household air pollution, which is responsible for 2.8 million premature deaths each year. But it is not just access to clean cooking, a lack of access to electricity is also detrimental to women. Studies have shown that electrification raises female employment and ability to work outside of the home, increases the safety of local communities, and elevates their access to education.
Source: Energy Access Outlook 2017
31 October 2017