Energy snapshot

Average freight energy intensity and activity

While heavy-duty trucks consume much more fuel on average per kilometre driven than smaller trucks, this does not necessarily mean that they represent a less efficient mode of freight transport. In terms of useful service (i.e. per tonne-kilometre), heavy-duty trucks are most efficient at transporting goods and require an average of about 3.8 litres of diesel equivalent (lde) to transport 1 tonne of good over a distance of 100 hundred kilometres. Medium freight trucks require about 4.3 lde to perform the same service, while light commercial vehicles require about 19.5 lde.

However in comparison with freight rail and maritime freight, road freight is quite inefficient: both rail and ships use on average about 15% as much energy (between 0.4 lde and 0.5 lde, respectively) as heavy-duty trucks per 100 tkm.

Source: The Future of Trucks

3 July 2017

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