Bioenergy issues and woodfuels have been on FAOs agenda for decades. However, they are now receiving renewed attention in the context of efforts to enhance sustainability, eliminate poverty and mitigate climate change. In fact, The total production of wood in reached approximately 4 000 million cubic meters (CUM), of which 2 300 million CUM was used for woodfuels. This means that approximately 60 percent of the world's total wood removals from forests and trees outside forests are used for energy purposes. In other words, energy is the main application of woody biomass from forests and trees outside forests.
FAO's programme on wood energy is designed to promote sustainable wood energy systems (SWES) as a contribution to sustainable forest management (SFM), livelihoods and food security. The programme strives to: strengthen the institutional capacity of member countries, stakeholders and partners for the adoption of sound wood energy policies and the implementation of cost-effective projects; develop, promote and monitor innovative initiatives for wood energy systems implemented by relevant stakeholders; reduce poverty and improve food security, with particular attention to women and children, through the promotion of more accessible and affordable woodfuels, and the reduction of indoor air pollution; mitigate climate change through the utilization of wood energy as an environmentally friendly source of energy.