Transformation Sector
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

European Commission - Eurostat
The transformation sector comprises the conversion of primary forms of energy to secondary and further transformation (e.g. coking coal to coke, crude oil to petroleum products, and heavy fuel oil to electricity).

The transformation can take place in various plants including: electricity plants, combined heat and power plants, heat plants, blast furnace/gas works, coke/patent fuel/BKB plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical industry, liquefaction plants, and other plants.

International Energy Agency (IEA)
The transformation sector comprises the conversion of primary forms of energy to secondary and further transformation (e.g. coking coal to coke, crude oil to petroleum products, and heavy fuel oil to electricity).

The transformation can take place in various plants including: electricity plants, combined heat and power plants, heat plants, blast furnace/gas works, coke/patent fuel/BKB plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical industry, liquefaction plants, and other plants. T

Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE)
This refers to energy that enters special processors called transformation centers for modification; these centers produce physical or chemical changes from one energy source to another or others, seeking in this way to improve the use of energy.

One of the paths that total supply can follow is as feed for transformation centers. In the case of primary energy, the flow is called transformation; if it is secondary, recycling. The transformation centers taken into account are refineries; power plants; gas treatment centers; charcoal ovens; coke ovens and blast furnaces; distilleries; and other transformation.

Total transformation is the sum of both of primary and secondary energy for all inputs into transformation centers. When there is no energy source feed to transformation center, the total is zero.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
The transformation sector comprises the conversion of primary forms of energy to secondary and further transformation (e.g. coking coal to coke, crude oil to petroleum products, and heavy fuel oil to electricity).

The transformation can take place in various plants including: electricity plants, combined heat and power plants, heat plants, blast furnace/gas works, coke/patent fuel/BKB plants, petroleum refineries, petrochemical industry, liquefaction plants, and other plants.