Bitumen
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

European Commission - Eurostat
Bitumen is a solid, semi-solid or viscous hydrocarbon with a colloidal structure, being brown to black in colour, obtained as a residue in the distillation of crude oil, by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Bitumen is often referred to as asphalt and is primarily used for construction of roads and for roofing material. This category includes fluidized and cut back bitumen.

International Energy Agency (IEA)
Bitumen is a solid, semi-solid or viscous hydrocarbon with a colloidal structure, being brown to black in colour, obtained as a residue in the distillation of crude oil, by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Bitumen is often referred to as asphalt and is primarily used for construction of roads and for roofing material. This category includes fluidized and cut back bitumen.

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
Bitumen is a solid, semi-solid or viscous hydrocarbon with a colloidal structure, being brown to black in colour, obtained as a residue in the distillation of crude oil, by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. Bitumen is often referred to as asphalt and is primarily used for construction of roads and for roofing material. This category includes fluidized and cut back bitumen.

UNSD Energy Statistics Section
Solid or viscous hydrocarbon with a colloidal structure, brown or black in color, which is obtained as a residue by vacuum distillation of oil residues from atmospheric distillation. It is sometimes soluable in carbon bisulphite, non-volatile, thermoplastic (generally between 150oC and 200oC), often with inslating nad adhesive properties. It is used mainly in road construction. Natural asphalt is excluded.